4D printed stereolithography printed plant-based sustainable polymers: Preliminary investigation and optimization

Mohd Danish, P. Vijay Anirudh, C. Karunakaran, Vasudevan Rajamohan, Arun Tom Mathew, Krzysztof Koziol, Vijay Kumar Thakur, C. Kannan, A. S.S. Balan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)


The increasing demand for applying shape memory polymer to tissue culture and biomedical engineering has opened up research opportunities in the field of 4D Printing. The biocompatibility of the scaffolds as a culture medium resulted in the use of plant-based polymers to provide an ambient environment for the growth of cells. This research investigates the 4D printing of acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO), a plant-based shape polymer. The objective of the present work is to establish the relationship between the 4D printing parameters (laser power frequency and print speed) and different properties of the printed material viz. tensile stress, surface roughness, wettability, recovery time, strain fixity and glass transition temperature. The maximum fixity was about 85%, while the recovery time as low as 1.6 s. The print parameters are optimized using regression modeling and multi-objective optimization techniques. The shape memory effect of the polymer is demonstrated by printing samples at the optimized conditions. Dynamic mechanical analysis is performed to evaluate the variation in the glass transition temperature of AESO at specific print parameters. The adoption of an optimal set of laser frequency and print speed is found to improve the properties of AESO, while built by micro stereolithography (micro-SLA).

Original languageEnglish
Article number50903
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number36
Early online date21 Apr 2021
Publication statusPrint publication - 20 Sept 2021


  • biomaterials
  • biopolymers and renewable polymers
  • manufacturing
  • mechanical properties


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