A computational analysis of a fully-stocked dual-mode ventilated livestock vehicle during ferry transportation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concerns relating to animal transport in general, and specifically to the thermal conditions to which animals are exposed, have led to the development and implementation of regulations, legislations and codes of practice in a number of countries seeking to impose limits on journey times, stocking densities and thermal conditions inside the transport space of vehicles. In the current study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to analyse the influence of a wind-free environment, such as that presented when the vehicle is transported on the car-deck of a RO–RO ferry, on the ventilated performance of live-stock transport vehicle. The livestock transporter under investigation had two decks, the top deck of which was naturally ventilated container and its lower deck was mechanically ventilated container. Using CFD the level of environmental heterogeneity was studied in both the mechanically and naturally ventilated decks. It was found that the naturally ventilated container was hotter and more humid than the mechanically ventilated container. However, the environmental variables were much more evenly distributed in the naturally ventilated container.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217 - 228
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 2013

Fingerprint

Agriculture
Containers
Computational fluid dynamics
Animals
Railroad cars
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Animal
  • CFD
  • RO-RO ferry
  • Thermal comfort
  • Ventilated container

Cite this

@article{6353f625143a47ba8f3c39a4d6ada4bc,
title = "A computational analysis of a fully-stocked dual-mode ventilated livestock vehicle during ferry transportation",
abstract = "Concerns relating to animal transport in general, and specifically to the thermal conditions to which animals are exposed, have led to the development and implementation of regulations, legislations and codes of practice in a number of countries seeking to impose limits on journey times, stocking densities and thermal conditions inside the transport space of vehicles. In the current study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to analyse the influence of a wind-free environment, such as that presented when the vehicle is transported on the car-deck of a RO–RO ferry, on the ventilated performance of live-stock transport vehicle. The livestock transporter under investigation had two decks, the top deck of which was naturally ventilated container and its lower deck was mechanically ventilated container. Using CFD the level of environmental heterogeneity was studied in both the mechanically and naturally ventilated decks. It was found that the naturally ventilated container was hotter and more humid than the mechanically ventilated container. However, the environmental variables were much more evenly distributed in the naturally ventilated container.",
keywords = "Animal, CFD, RO-RO ferry, Thermal comfort, Ventilated container",
author = "T Norton and P Kettlewell and MA Mitchell",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.compag.2013.02.005",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "217 -- 228",
journal = "Computers and Electronics in Agriculture",
issn = "0168-1699",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

A computational analysis of a fully-stocked dual-mode ventilated livestock vehicle during ferry transportation. / Norton, T; Kettlewell, P; Mitchell, MA.

In: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 93, 2013, p. 217 - 228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A computational analysis of a fully-stocked dual-mode ventilated livestock vehicle during ferry transportation

AU - Norton, T

AU - Kettlewell, P

AU - Mitchell, MA

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Concerns relating to animal transport in general, and specifically to the thermal conditions to which animals are exposed, have led to the development and implementation of regulations, legislations and codes of practice in a number of countries seeking to impose limits on journey times, stocking densities and thermal conditions inside the transport space of vehicles. In the current study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to analyse the influence of a wind-free environment, such as that presented when the vehicle is transported on the car-deck of a RO–RO ferry, on the ventilated performance of live-stock transport vehicle. The livestock transporter under investigation had two decks, the top deck of which was naturally ventilated container and its lower deck was mechanically ventilated container. Using CFD the level of environmental heterogeneity was studied in both the mechanically and naturally ventilated decks. It was found that the naturally ventilated container was hotter and more humid than the mechanically ventilated container. However, the environmental variables were much more evenly distributed in the naturally ventilated container.

AB - Concerns relating to animal transport in general, and specifically to the thermal conditions to which animals are exposed, have led to the development and implementation of regulations, legislations and codes of practice in a number of countries seeking to impose limits on journey times, stocking densities and thermal conditions inside the transport space of vehicles. In the current study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to analyse the influence of a wind-free environment, such as that presented when the vehicle is transported on the car-deck of a RO–RO ferry, on the ventilated performance of live-stock transport vehicle. The livestock transporter under investigation had two decks, the top deck of which was naturally ventilated container and its lower deck was mechanically ventilated container. Using CFD the level of environmental heterogeneity was studied in both the mechanically and naturally ventilated decks. It was found that the naturally ventilated container was hotter and more humid than the mechanically ventilated container. However, the environmental variables were much more evenly distributed in the naturally ventilated container.

KW - Animal

KW - CFD

KW - RO-RO ferry

KW - Thermal comfort

KW - Ventilated container

U2 - 10.1016/j.compag.2013.02.005

DO - 10.1016/j.compag.2013.02.005

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 217

EP - 228

JO - Computers and Electronics in Agriculture

JF - Computers and Electronics in Agriculture

SN - 0168-1699

ER -