A global perspective on a new paradigm shift in bio-based meat alternatives for healthy diet

Akanksha Rai, Vivek K. Sharma, Minaxi Sharma, Shiv M. Singh, Brahma N. Singh*, Anita Pandey, Quang D. Nguyen, Vijai Kumar Gupta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A meat analogue is a casserole in which the primary ingredient is something other than meat. It goes by various other names, such as meat substitute, fake meat, alternative meat, and imitation meat. Consumers growing interest in improving their diets and the future of the planet have contributed to the move towards meat substitutes. This change is due to the growing popularity of low-fat and low-calorie diets, the rise of flexitarians, the spread of animal diseases, the loss of natural resources, and the need to cut down on carbon emissions, which lead to greenhouse effects. Plant-based meat, cultured meat, algal protein-based meat, and insect-based meat substitutes are available on the market with qualities like appearance and flavor similar to those of traditional meat. Novel ingredients like mycoprotein and soybean leg haemoglobin are mixed in with the more traditional soy proteins, cereals, green peas, etc. Plant-based meat is currently more popular in the West, but the growing interest in this product in Asian markets indicates the industry in this region will expand rapidly in the near future. Future growth in the food sector can be anticipated from technologies like lab-grown meat and its equivalents that do not require livestock breeding. Insect-based products also hold great potential as a new source of protein for human consumption. However, product safety and quality should be considered along with other factors such as marketability and affordability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112935
JournalFood Research International
Early online date17 May 2023
Publication statusPrint publication - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Insect protein
  • Meat analogue
  • Mycoprotein
  • Plant-based meat Cereal protein
  • Soy protein
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Soybean Proteins
  • Diet, Fat-Restricted
  • Plant Breeding
  • Diet, Healthy
  • Meat


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