A single dose of fat-based energy supplement to light birth weight pigs shortly after birth does not increase their survival and growth

OS Schmitt*, EM Baxter, Peadar G Lawlor, LA Boyle, Keelin O'Driscoll

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In modern piggeries, due to the increase in litter size (number of piglets born alive), the number of piglets born at a low birth weight (typically under 1.0 kg) is increasing. Those piglets have a lower chance of survival because of their lower body energy reserves, and therefore are of concern for the farmers. Piglets weighing less than 1.1 kg at birth were given an oral dose of fat-based energy (2 mL of coconut oil or 2 mL of a commercial product), 2 mL of water or were only handled but given nothing. This was done to investigate the effects of providing an energy boost at birth on the chances of survival of small piglets. Parameters measured to assess the piglets’ vitality were survival, blood glucose content, rectal temperature, behaviour test of vigour and weight gain. Unfortunately, there was no effect of the energy dose on the parameters measured. Therefore, we conclude that a single dose of energy at birth does not enhance the chances of survival of small piglets. Therefore, using energy product to improve piglet survival at birth may not be the most efficient strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number227
JournalAnimals
Volume9
Issue number5
Early online date9 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 9 May 2019

Fingerprint

Birth Weight
birth weight
piglets
Swine
Fats
Parturition
swine
energy
lipids
Growth
dosage
Litter Size
Low Birth Weight Infant
Weight Gain
Blood Glucose
Temperature
coconut oil
Water
low birth weight
litter size

Keywords

  • Blood glucose
  • Energy
  • Low birth weight
  • Pig
  • Survival

Cite this

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title = "A single dose of fat-based energy supplement to light birth weight pigs shortly after birth does not increase their survival and growth",
abstract = "In modern piggeries, due to the increase in litter size (number of piglets born alive), the number of piglets born at a low birth weight (typically under 1.0 kg) is increasing. Those piglets have a lower chance of survival because of their lower body energy reserves, and therefore are of concern for the farmers. Piglets weighing less than 1.1 kg at birth were given an oral dose of fat-based energy (2 mL of coconut oil or 2 mL of a commercial product), 2 mL of water or were only handled but given nothing. This was done to investigate the effects of providing an energy boost at birth on the chances of survival of small piglets. Parameters measured to assess the piglets’ vitality were survival, blood glucose content, rectal temperature, behaviour test of vigour and weight gain. Unfortunately, there was no effect of the energy dose on the parameters measured. Therefore, we conclude that a single dose of energy at birth does not enhance the chances of survival of small piglets. Therefore, using energy product to improve piglet survival at birth may not be the most efficient strategy.",
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A single dose of fat-based energy supplement to light birth weight pigs shortly after birth does not increase their survival and growth. / Schmitt, OS; Baxter, EM; Lawlor, Peadar G; Boyle, LA; O'Driscoll, Keelin.

In: Animals, Vol. 9, No. 5, 227, 09.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Baxter, EM

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AU - O'Driscoll, Keelin

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