A systematic review of factors that influence farmers’ adoption of sustainable crop farming practices: Lessons for sustainable nitrogen management in South Asia

T Begho*, K Glenk, Asif Reza Anik, Vera Eory

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

In spite of sustainable agricultural technologies and practices having been developed and introduced to farmers in both developed and developing countries, there are concerns about low levels of adoption. Empirical evidence of the past forty years shows that adoption of new practices can be hindered by a wide range of factors, from financial to attitudinal, from personal to social, from agronomic to regulatory. Conclusions that can be generalised across different contexts could help in moving the institutional and policy environment in a direction that strengthens the move towards a more sustainable food production. This is particularly important regarding hotspots of environmental pollution, for example, the release of reactive nitrogen compounds in South Asia. This paper followed the PRISMA protocol and systematically reviewed the adoption literature in South Asia to identify factors that affect farmers' decisions to adopt sustainable agricultural technologies and practices. We found that education, extension and training, soil quality, irrigation, income and credit are significant drivers of farmers' adoption decisions. Consequently, efforts to promote the adoption of sustainable nitrogen management technologies will have to be tailored to consider these factors. We conclude that the variables that explain adoption in the studies reviewed could provide a foundation invaluable to research and policies that facilitate the adoption of sustainable nitrogen management technologies and practices in South Asia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-160
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment
Volume1
Issue number2
Early online date23 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Adoption
  • environmental pollution
  • nitrogen management
  • sustainable agriculture
  • South Asia

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