Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application.

Robbie D Girling, Thomas Döring, John Cousins, Henry E. Creissen, Oliver Crowley, Lesley Fish, Nick Fradgley, Simon Griffiths, Zoe Haigh, Sally Howlett, Hannah E Jones, Samuel Knapp, Bruce D Pearce, Helen Pearce, John Snape, Ron Stobart, Louisa Winkler, Andrew Whitley, Martin S Wolfe

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

An increasingly fluctuating global climate is creating mounting problems for production in agricultural systems. One possible way to buffer these changes is with the use of genetically diverse composite cross populations. Here we demonstrate in replicated field trials that composite cross populations of winter wheat when grown in organic conditions had a similar yield to currently used pure lines, but had higher yield stability than the pure lines. When grown under high input conditions the populations maintained their stability, but yielded significantly lower than the pure line varieties, indicating that the populations are potentially more suitable to low-input and organic than to conventional systems. However, in separate pseudoreplicated on-farm trials conducted across the UK the improved stability shown in the replicated field trials was not repeatable.
The replicated field trials demonstrated that both populations and (complex) variety mixtures are more or less equivalent with regard to their agronomic performance. Preference for either populations or mixtures is therefore likely to follow other criteria than those based purely on agronomic performance.
The populations were tested to investigate the level of adaptation that may occur when grown continuously at the same specific sites for a number of years. The populations did not adapt to the cropping conditions under which they were grown; this was evident both from molecular data and from comprehensive field trials. Yearly fluctuations in weather conditions are likely to have counteracted any adaptation to the site-specific factors associated with cropping management and soil conditions.
The suitability of the populations for four different end uses were tested, these included bread making, malting, distilling and animal feed. For each end use the one or two most appropriate of the following populations were tested: a high yield population (YCCP), a high baking quality population (QCCP) and an all-rounder population (YQCCP). None of the populations were any more beneficial than current varieties for distilling or malting, however both the YCCP and YQCCP were found to be suitable for use as animal feed. In micronutrient tests the values observed for the population grain tested were generally comparable to values previously reported for winter wheat. On the basis of various agronomic and quality performance indicators, as well as marketability to end-users, the QCCP is seen as the most promising population among the three tested populations, and was singled out as being particular favourable for bread making.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherAgriculture and Horticulture Development Board
Commissioning bodyAgriculture and Horticulture Development Board
Number of pages198
VolumeProject Report No. 558.
Publication statusPrint publication - 2014

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winter wheat
field experimentation
malting
agronomic traits
breads
baking quality
soil quality
buffers
weather

Cite this

Girling, R. D., Döring, T., Cousins, J., Creissen, H. E., Crowley, O., Fish, L., ... Wolfe, M. S. (2014). Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application. Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board.
Girling, Robbie D ; Döring, Thomas ; Cousins, John ; Creissen, Henry E. ; Crowley, Oliver ; Fish, Lesley ; Fradgley, Nick ; Griffiths, Simon ; Haigh, Zoe ; Howlett, Sally ; Jones, Hannah E ; Knapp, Samuel ; Pearce, Bruce D ; Pearce, Helen ; Snape, John ; Stobart, Ron ; Winkler, Louisa ; Whitley, Andrew ; Wolfe, Martin S. / Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application. Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, 2014. 198 p.
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abstract = "An increasingly fluctuating global climate is creating mounting problems for production in agricultural systems. One possible way to buffer these changes is with the use of genetically diverse composite cross populations. Here we demonstrate in replicated field trials that composite cross populations of winter wheat when grown in organic conditions had a similar yield to currently used pure lines, but had higher yield stability than the pure lines. When grown under high input conditions the populations maintained their stability, but yielded significantly lower than the pure line varieties, indicating that the populations are potentially more suitable to low-input and organic than to conventional systems. However, in separate pseudoreplicated on-farm trials conducted across the UK the improved stability shown in the replicated field trials was not repeatable. The replicated field trials demonstrated that both populations and (complex) variety mixtures are more or less equivalent with regard to their agronomic performance. Preference for either populations or mixtures is therefore likely to follow other criteria than those based purely on agronomic performance. The populations were tested to investigate the level of adaptation that may occur when grown continuously at the same specific sites for a number of years. The populations did not adapt to the cropping conditions under which they were grown; this was evident both from molecular data and from comprehensive field trials. Yearly fluctuations in weather conditions are likely to have counteracted any adaptation to the site-specific factors associated with cropping management and soil conditions. The suitability of the populations for four different end uses were tested, these included bread making, malting, distilling and animal feed. For each end use the one or two most appropriate of the following populations were tested: a high yield population (YCCP), a high baking quality population (QCCP) and an all-rounder population (YQCCP). None of the populations were any more beneficial than current varieties for distilling or malting, however both the YCCP and YQCCP were found to be suitable for use as animal feed. In micronutrient tests the values observed for the population grain tested were generally comparable to values previously reported for winter wheat. On the basis of various agronomic and quality performance indicators, as well as marketability to end-users, the QCCP is seen as the most promising population among the three tested populations, and was singled out as being particular favourable for bread making.",
author = "Girling, {Robbie D} and Thomas D{\"o}ring and John Cousins and Creissen, {Henry E.} and Oliver Crowley and Lesley Fish and Nick Fradgley and Simon Griffiths and Zoe Haigh and Sally Howlett and Jones, {Hannah E} and Samuel Knapp and Pearce, {Bruce D} and Helen Pearce and John Snape and Ron Stobart and Louisa Winkler and Andrew Whitley and Wolfe, {Martin S}",
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Girling, RD, Döring, T, Cousins, J, Creissen, HE, Crowley, O, Fish, L, Fradgley, N, Griffiths, S, Haigh, Z, Howlett, S, Jones, HE, Knapp, S, Pearce, BD, Pearce, H, Snape, J, Stobart, R, Winkler, L, Whitley, A & Wolfe, MS 2014, Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application. vol. Project Report No. 558. , Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board.

Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application. / Girling, Robbie D; Döring, Thomas; Cousins, John; Creissen, Henry E.; Crowley, Oliver; Fish, Lesley ; Fradgley, Nick; Griffiths, Simon; Haigh, Zoe; Howlett, Sally; Jones, Hannah E; Knapp, Samuel; Pearce, Bruce D; Pearce, Helen; Snape, John; Stobart, Ron ; Winkler, Louisa; Whitley, Andrew; Wolfe, Martin S.

Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, 2014. 198 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

TY - BOOK

T1 - Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application.

AU - Girling, Robbie D

AU - Döring, Thomas

AU - Cousins, John

AU - Creissen, Henry E.

AU - Crowley, Oliver

AU - Fish, Lesley

AU - Fradgley, Nick

AU - Griffiths, Simon

AU - Haigh, Zoe

AU - Howlett, Sally

AU - Jones, Hannah E

AU - Knapp, Samuel

AU - Pearce, Bruce D

AU - Pearce, Helen

AU - Snape, John

AU - Stobart, Ron

AU - Winkler, Louisa

AU - Whitley, Andrew

AU - Wolfe, Martin S

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - An increasingly fluctuating global climate is creating mounting problems for production in agricultural systems. One possible way to buffer these changes is with the use of genetically diverse composite cross populations. Here we demonstrate in replicated field trials that composite cross populations of winter wheat when grown in organic conditions had a similar yield to currently used pure lines, but had higher yield stability than the pure lines. When grown under high input conditions the populations maintained their stability, but yielded significantly lower than the pure line varieties, indicating that the populations are potentially more suitable to low-input and organic than to conventional systems. However, in separate pseudoreplicated on-farm trials conducted across the UK the improved stability shown in the replicated field trials was not repeatable. The replicated field trials demonstrated that both populations and (complex) variety mixtures are more or less equivalent with regard to their agronomic performance. Preference for either populations or mixtures is therefore likely to follow other criteria than those based purely on agronomic performance. The populations were tested to investigate the level of adaptation that may occur when grown continuously at the same specific sites for a number of years. The populations did not adapt to the cropping conditions under which they were grown; this was evident both from molecular data and from comprehensive field trials. Yearly fluctuations in weather conditions are likely to have counteracted any adaptation to the site-specific factors associated with cropping management and soil conditions. The suitability of the populations for four different end uses were tested, these included bread making, malting, distilling and animal feed. For each end use the one or two most appropriate of the following populations were tested: a high yield population (YCCP), a high baking quality population (QCCP) and an all-rounder population (YQCCP). None of the populations were any more beneficial than current varieties for distilling or malting, however both the YCCP and YQCCP were found to be suitable for use as animal feed. In micronutrient tests the values observed for the population grain tested were generally comparable to values previously reported for winter wheat. On the basis of various agronomic and quality performance indicators, as well as marketability to end-users, the QCCP is seen as the most promising population among the three tested populations, and was singled out as being particular favourable for bread making.

AB - An increasingly fluctuating global climate is creating mounting problems for production in agricultural systems. One possible way to buffer these changes is with the use of genetically diverse composite cross populations. Here we demonstrate in replicated field trials that composite cross populations of winter wheat when grown in organic conditions had a similar yield to currently used pure lines, but had higher yield stability than the pure lines. When grown under high input conditions the populations maintained their stability, but yielded significantly lower than the pure line varieties, indicating that the populations are potentially more suitable to low-input and organic than to conventional systems. However, in separate pseudoreplicated on-farm trials conducted across the UK the improved stability shown in the replicated field trials was not repeatable. The replicated field trials demonstrated that both populations and (complex) variety mixtures are more or less equivalent with regard to their agronomic performance. Preference for either populations or mixtures is therefore likely to follow other criteria than those based purely on agronomic performance. The populations were tested to investigate the level of adaptation that may occur when grown continuously at the same specific sites for a number of years. The populations did not adapt to the cropping conditions under which they were grown; this was evident both from molecular data and from comprehensive field trials. Yearly fluctuations in weather conditions are likely to have counteracted any adaptation to the site-specific factors associated with cropping management and soil conditions. The suitability of the populations for four different end uses were tested, these included bread making, malting, distilling and animal feed. For each end use the one or two most appropriate of the following populations were tested: a high yield population (YCCP), a high baking quality population (QCCP) and an all-rounder population (YQCCP). None of the populations were any more beneficial than current varieties for distilling or malting, however both the YCCP and YQCCP were found to be suitable for use as animal feed. In micronutrient tests the values observed for the population grain tested were generally comparable to values previously reported for winter wheat. On the basis of various agronomic and quality performance indicators, as well as marketability to end-users, the QCCP is seen as the most promising population among the three tested populations, and was singled out as being particular favourable for bread making.

M3 - Commissioned report

VL - Project Report No. 558.

BT - Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application.

PB - Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board

ER -

Girling RD, Döring T, Cousins J, Creissen HE, Crowley O, Fish L et al. Adaptive winter wheat populations: development, genetic characterisation and application. Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, 2014. 198 p.