Advanced thermochemical conversion technologies used for energy generation: Advancement and prospects

Samarjeet Singh Siwal*, Karamveer Sheoran, Adesh Kumar Saini, Dai Viet N. Vo, Qilin Wang, Vijay Kumar Thakur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The commercial conquest of the ethanol industry has raised curiosity within operations that transform biomass into biofuels. The energy production from biomass, bioenergy, is an outlook conception to substitute fossil fuels in the coming days, as it is productive, pure, and carbon dioxide neutral. Biomass may be combusted instantly to cause heat and power and employ advanced thermochemical techniques. It can be restored within bio-fuels in solid, liquid, and gas constitutions that may be utilized additionally towards heat and energy production. Here, in this review article, we have discussed the properties of biomass fuels, sustainability attention towards energy production from biomass along with different types of wastes to energy generation, and the advanced thermochemical conversion technologies that can be used for energy production from wastes. In the last, we have compared the advantages and drawbacks of these technologies and concluded our article with current challenges and future perspectives in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124107
JournalFuel
Volume321
Early online date9 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 9 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Biomass waste
  • Energy production
  • Gasification
  • Pyrolysis
  • Torrefaction

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