Advancing One Health: Updated core competencies

Gabrielle Laing, Eleanor Duffy, Neil Anderson, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Maurizio Aragrande, Caetano Luiz Beber, John Berezowski, Elena Boriani, Massimo Canali, Luis Pedro Carmo, Ilias Chantziaras, Glen Cousquer, Daniele Meneghi, Ana Gloria Rodrigues Sanches da Fonseca, Julie Garnier, Martin Hitziger, Thomas Jaenisch, Hans Keune, Claire Lajaunie, Lorena Franco MartinezRebecca Maudling, Marie Mcintyre, Barry Mcmahon, Alberto Munoz Prieto, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Ranya Özçelik, John W.A. Rossen, Simon Rüegg, Sara Savić, Margarida Pires Simoes, Deborah Thomson, Laura Tomassone, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Manuela Vilhena, Barbara Vogler, Barbara Häsler

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Abstract

International audienceAbstract One Health recognises the interdependence between the health of humans, animals, plants and the environment. With the increasing inclusion of One Health in multiple global health strategies, the One Health workforce must be prepared to protect and sustain the health and well-being of life on the planet. In this paper, a review of past and currently accepted One Health core competencies was conducted, with competence gaps identified. Here, the Network for Ecohealth and One Health (NEOH) propose updated core competencies designed to simplify what can be a complex area, grouping competencies into three main areas of: Skills; Values and Attitudes; and Knowledge and Awareness; with several layers underlying each. These are intentionally applicable to stakeholders from various sectors and across all levels to support capacity-building efforts within the One Health workforce. The updated competencies from NEOH can be used to evaluate and enhance current curricula, create new ones, or inform professional training programs at all levels, including students, university teaching staff, or government officials as well as continual professional development for frontline health practitioners and policy makers. The competencies are aligned with the new definition of One Health developed by the One Health High-Level Expert Panel (OHHLEP), and when supported by subjectspecific expertise, will deliver the transformation needed to prevent and respond to complex global challenges. One Health Impact Statement Within a rapidly changing global environment, the need for practitioners competent in integrated approaches to health has increased substantially. Narrow approaches may not only limit opportunities for global and local solutions but, initiatives that do not consider other disciplines or social, economic and cultural contexts, may result in unforeseen and detrimental consequences. In keeping with principles of One Health, the Network for Ecohealth and One Health (NEOH) competencies entail a collaborative effort between multiple disciplines and sectors. They focus on enabling practitioners, from any background, at any level or scale of involvement, to promote and support a transformation to integrated health approaches. The updated competencies can be layered with existing disciplinary competencies and used to evaluate and enhance current education curricula, create new ones, or inform professional training programs at all levels-including for students, teachers and government officials as well as continual professional development for frontline health practitioners and policymakers. The competencies outlined here are applicable to all professionals and disciplines who may contribute to One Health, and are complimentary to, not a replacement for, any discipline-specific competencies. We believe the NEOH competencies meet the need outlined by the Quadripartite’s (Food and Agriculture Organisation, United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organisation, World Organisation for Animal Health) Joint Plan of Action on One Health which calls for cross-sectoral competencies
Original languageEnglish
JournalCABI One Health
Early online date3 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 3 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Environmental Sciences/Environmental and Society
  • ]Humanities and Social Sciences/Education

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