Analysis of bovine viral diarrhoea virus: Biobank and sequence database to support eradication in Scotland

GC Russell, DM Grant, S Lycett, C Bachofen, GL Caldow, PD Burr, K Davie, N Ambrose, GJ Gunn, RN Zadoks

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Samples from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)—positive cattle were gathered by Scottish diagnostic laboratories and used to produce a Biobank of samples with associated location and identification data in support of the Scottish BVDV eradication scheme. The samples were subject to direct amplification and sequencing of the 50-untranslated region (50-UTR) to define the viral types and subtypes present. From 2693 samples collected prior to 2016,approximately 2300 sequences were obtained, representing 8 BVDV type 1 subtypes. NoBVDV type 2 samples were detected. The samples came from all regions of the UK but 66 percent were from Scotland. Analysis of the sequences showed great diversity in the 50-UTR,with 1206 different sequences. Many samples carried virus with identical 50-UTR sequences;often from single locations, but there were also examples of the same sequence being obtained from samples at several different locations. This work provides a resource that can be used to analyse the movement of BVDV strains both within Scotland and between Scotland and other nations, particularly in the latter stages of the Scottish eradication programme, and so inform the advice available to both livestock keepers and policymakers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447 - 452
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Record
Issue number18
Early online date6 Apr 2017
Publication statusFirst published - 6 Apr 2017

Bibliographical note



  • DNA sequences
  • Eradication
  • Genotypes
  • Livestock viruses
  • Pestivirus


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