Analysis of cereal trials to evaluate market and non-market benefits of new varieties and their traits

SP Hoad*, D Moran, W Spoor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The public good role of agriculture is increasingly emphasised in discourse on sector sustainability, and most OECD countries are now locked into a range of commitments on climate, change mitigation, soil and water quality improvement and biodiversity conservation. In this context, the development of new varieties will increasingly face the challenge of demonstrating financial benefits while contributing to the management of good and bad external impacts. Characterisation and evaluation of cereal varieties for both market and environmental values would be a significant step towards developing new sustainability criteria for the variety testing system and for reducing the reliance on high inputs. At present, successful varieties are characterised by high yields in response to fertilisers, fungicides and plant growth regulators and without competition from weeds. EU Directives require testing for value for cultivation and use (VCU) as part of National Listing (NL), based on yield, resistance to harmful organisms and quality characteristics, which are primarily market-led drivers. UK farming would benefit from varieties (and their traits) giving quantifiable environmental benefits as well as high market value, and although EU Directives do not preclude additional criteria, the NL testing system is almost entirely funded by applicants (i.e. plant breeders), and consequently assessment of traits with possible environmental benefits is limited to disease resistance. The stated objective of improving the public good benefits of new varieties suggests the need to improve our understanding of traits conferring such benefits and how they could be incorporated in VCU testing. Examples are plant traits of general value to lower inputs e.g. yield without fungicide and with more importance placed on disease resistance ratings, high weed suppression characteristics, early crop vigour and widening of sowing dates to offset weed, pest and disease build-up.
Original languageEnglish
Pages62-65
Publication statusPrint publication - 2007
EventAgricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow - Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany
Duration: 8 Oct 200710 Oct 2007

Conference

ConferenceAgricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow
CountryGermany
CityStuttgart-Hohenheim
Period8/10/0710/10/07

Fingerprint

new variety
market value
markets
ecosystem services
disease resistance
fungicides
weeds
variety trials
plant breeders
ecological value
pollution control
testing
sowing date
plant growth substances
vigor
weed control
soil quality
farming systems
water quality
climate change

Cite this

Hoad, SP., Moran, D., & Spoor, W. (2007). Analysis of cereal trials to evaluate market and non-market benefits of new varieties and their traits. 62-65. Paper presented at Agricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany.
Hoad, SP ; Moran, D ; Spoor, W. / Analysis of cereal trials to evaluate market and non-market benefits of new varieties and their traits. Paper presented at Agricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany.
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Hoad, SP, Moran, D & Spoor, W 2007, 'Analysis of cereal trials to evaluate market and non-market benefits of new varieties and their traits', Paper presented at Agricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany, 8/10/07 - 10/10/07 pp. 62-65.

Analysis of cereal trials to evaluate market and non-market benefits of new varieties and their traits. / Hoad, SP; Moran, D; Spoor, W.

2007. 62-65 Paper presented at Agricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AB - The public good role of agriculture is increasingly emphasised in discourse on sector sustainability, and most OECD countries are now locked into a range of commitments on climate, change mitigation, soil and water quality improvement and biodiversity conservation. In this context, the development of new varieties will increasingly face the challenge of demonstrating financial benefits while contributing to the management of good and bad external impacts. Characterisation and evaluation of cereal varieties for both market and environmental values would be a significant step towards developing new sustainability criteria for the variety testing system and for reducing the reliance on high inputs. At present, successful varieties are characterised by high yields in response to fertilisers, fungicides and plant growth regulators and without competition from weeds. EU Directives require testing for value for cultivation and use (VCU) as part of National Listing (NL), based on yield, resistance to harmful organisms and quality characteristics, which are primarily market-led drivers. UK farming would benefit from varieties (and their traits) giving quantifiable environmental benefits as well as high market value, and although EU Directives do not preclude additional criteria, the NL testing system is almost entirely funded by applicants (i.e. plant breeders), and consequently assessment of traits with possible environmental benefits is limited to disease resistance. The stated objective of improving the public good benefits of new varieties suggests the need to improve our understanding of traits conferring such benefits and how they could be incorporated in VCU testing. Examples are plant traits of general value to lower inputs e.g. yield without fungicide and with more importance placed on disease resistance ratings, high weed suppression characteristics, early crop vigour and widening of sowing dates to offset weed, pest and disease build-up.

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Hoad SP, Moran D, Spoor W. Analysis of cereal trials to evaluate market and non-market benefits of new varieties and their traits. 2007. Paper presented at Agricultural Field Trials – Today and Tomorrow, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany.