Anesthesia and analgesia in ruminants

Jenelle Izer, C. Dwyer, Ronald, P. Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter focuses on the welfare, anesthesia, and pain management of small ruminants used in biomedical research. It provides practical advice on the assessment of pain, the administration of anesthetics and analgesics in calves, sheep, and goats in a research setting. It is not meant to be an exhaustive review of all anesthetic and analgesic protocols used in these species. More detailed information is available in general veterinary texts (e.g., Lumb and Jones Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia, 2015), and specialized veterinary anesthesia texts (e.g., Farm Animal Anesthesia, 2014).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals
EditorsMelissa C. Dyson, Jennie Lofgren, Daniel Pang
Place of PublicationAnesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9780128222157
ISBN (Print)9780128222201
Publication statusPrint publication - 5 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Alpha-adrenergic agonists
  • Analgesia
  • Anesthesia
  • Animal welfare
  • Local anesthetics
  • Opioids
  • Pain assessment
  • Regional anesthesia


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