Application of carbohydrate arrays coupled with mass spectrometry to detect activity of plant-polysaccharide degradative enzymes from the fungus Aspergillus niger

Jolanda M van Munster, Baptiste Thomas, Michel Riese, Adrienne L Davis, Christopher J Gray, David B Archer, Sabine L Flitsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Renewables-based biotechnology depends on enzymes to degrade plant lignocellulose to simple sugars that are converted to fuels or high-value products. Identification and characterization of such lignocellulose degradative enzymes could be fast-tracked by availability of an enzyme activity measurement method that is fast, label-free, uses minimal resources and allows direct identification of generated products. We developed such a method by applying carbohydrate arrays coupled with MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry to identify reaction products of carbohydrate active enzymes (CAZymes) of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. We describe the production and characterization of plant polysaccharide-derived oligosaccharides and their attachment to hydrophobic self-assembling monolayers on a gold target. We verify effectiveness of this array for detecting exo- and endo-acting glycoside hydrolase activity using commercial enzymes, and demonstrate how this platform is suitable for detection of enzyme activity in relevant biological samples, the culture filtrate of A. niger grown on wheat straw. In conclusion, this versatile method is broadly applicable in screening and characterisation of activity of CAZymes, such as fungal enzymes for plant lignocellulose degradation with relevance to biotechnological applications as biofuel production, the food and animal feed industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43117
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Early online date21 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 21 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aspergillus niger/enzymology
  • Biotechnology/methods
  • Fungal Proteins/metabolism
  • Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism
  • Lignin/analysis
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization/methods

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