Bio-based poly(butylene succinate)/microcrystalline cellulose/nanofibrillated cellulose-based sustainable polymer composites: Thermo-mechanical and biodegradation studies

Oskars Platnieks, Sergejs Gaidukovs*, Anda Barkane, Aleksandrs Sereda, Gerda Gaidukova, Liga Grase, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Inese Filipova, Velta Fridrihsone, Marite Skute, Marianna Laka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Biodegradable polymer composites from renewable resources are the next-generation of wood-like materials and are crucial for the development of various industries to meet sustainability goals. Functional applications like packaging, medicine, automotive, construction and sustainable housing are just some that would greatly benefit. Some of the existing industries, like wood plastic composites, already encompass given examples but are dominated by fossil-based polymers that are unsustainable. Thus, there is a background to bring a new perspective approach for the combination of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) fillers in bio-based poly (butylene succinate) matrix (PBS). MCC, NFC and MCC/NFC filler total loading at 40 wt % was used to obtain more insights for wood-like composite applications. The ability to tailor the biodegradable characteristics and the mechanical properties of PBS composites is indispensable for extended applications. Five compositions have been prepared with MCC and NFC fillers using melt blending approach. Young's modulus in tensile test mode and storage modulus at 20 °C in thermo-mechanical analysis have increased about two-fold. Thermal degradation temperature was increased by approximately 60 °C compared to MCC and NFC. Additionally, to estimate the compatibility of the components and morphology of the composite's SEM analysis was performed for fractured surfaces. The contact angle measurements testified the developed matrix interphase. Differential scanning calorimetry evidenced the trans-crystallization of the polymer after filler incorporation; the crystallization temperature shifted to the higher temperature region. The MCC has a stronger effect on the crystallinity degree than NFC filler. PBS disintegrated under composting conditions in a period of 75 days. The NFC/MCC addition facilitated the specimens' decomposition rate up to 60 days.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1472
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalPolymers
Volume12
Issue number7
Early online date30 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 30 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Biodegradability
  • Biopolymer
  • Melt processing
  • Sustainable composites
  • Thermo-mechanical properties
  • Wood plastic composite

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    Platnieks, O., Gaidukovs, S., Barkane, A., Sereda, A., Gaidukova, G., Grase, L., Thakur, V. K., Filipova, I., Fridrihsone, V., Skute, M., & Laka, M. (2020). Bio-based poly(butylene succinate)/microcrystalline cellulose/nanofibrillated cellulose-based sustainable polymer composites: Thermo-mechanical and biodegradation studies. Polymers, 12(7), 1-20. [1472]. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071472