Bioremediation of Heavy Metals by Rhizobacteria

Roohallah Saberi Riseh*, Mozhgan Gholizadeh Vazvani, Najmeh Hajabdollahi, Vijay Kumar Thakur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
87 Downloads (Pure)


Heavy elements accumulate rapidly in the soil due to industrial activities and the industrial revolution, which significantly impact the morphology, physiology, and yield of crops. Heavy metal contamination will eventually affect the plant tolerance threshold and cause changes in the plant genome and genetic structure. Changes in the plant genome lead to changes in encoded proteins and protein sequences. Consuming these mutated products can seriously affect human and animal health. Bioremediation is a process that can be applied to reduce the adverse effects of heavy metals in the soil. In this regard, bioremediation using plant growth–promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) as beneficial living agents can help to neutralize the negative interaction between the plant and the heavy metals. PGPRs suppress the adverse effects of heavy metals and the negative interaction of plant-heavy elements by different mechanisms such as biological adsorption and entrapment of heavy elements in extracellular capsules, reduction of metal ion concentration, and formation of complexes with metal ions inside the cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4689-4711
Number of pages23
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Issue number8
Early online date26 Oct 2022
Publication statusPrint publication - Aug 2023


  • Bioremediation
  • Heavy metals
  • Mediator
  • Negative interaction
  • PGPRs
  • Alphaproteobacteria/metabolism
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Soil/chemistry
  • Metals, Heavy/toxicity
  • Humans
  • Soil Pollutants/metabolism
  • Crops, Agricultural


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