Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs

Jen-Yun Chou*, Rick B D'Eath, DA Sandercock, Keelin O'Driscoll

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Tail docking has been banned in the EU as a routine practice to control tail biting since 2008. However solutions are still needed to prevent tail biting in undocked pigs in conventional housing systems. This study evaluated the effectiveness of different dietary fibre levels and enrichment types at controlling tail biting in undocked pigs housed on fully-slatted floors. The experiment had a 2x2x2 factorial design, using 672 pigs in 48 pens, at a commercial stocking density. Pigs were provided with either a rubber floor toy (N=24) or a soft wooden post (Picea sitchensis) (N=24) in the weaner stage. After transferring to the finisher house (7 weeks post-weaning), enrichment type was swapped in half of the pens (N=24) while the remainder kept the same (N=24). From weaning to finishing, pigs were fed a diet with either a standard (weaner 4.2%; finisher 6.6%; N=24) or a higher level of crude fibre (weaner 5.9%; finisher 13.1%; N=24). Behaviour observations and lesion scores were used to assess tail biting severity. Pigs interacted more with the toy than the wood (P<0.001), and these pigs performed less tail and ear directed behaviours (P<0.05). This implies that the rubber floor toy was more effective at diverting biting behaviours away from other pigs. Pigs fed the higher fibre diet were also observed to perform more tail directed behaviours (P<0.05), contrary to the hypothesis. There was no effect of enrichment type or diet on lesion scores. In total 26 severe tail biting outbreaks occurred and almost 70% of the pigs had some degree of tail amputation. The study showed that simply increasing dietary fibre level with minimal enrichment provision is not enough to control tail biting among undocked pigs on fully slatted floors.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 29 Nov 2018
Event11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM) - Utrecht , Netherlands
Duration: 22 May 201924 May 2019
https://www.esphm2019.org/en

Conference

Conference11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM)
CountryNetherlands
CityUtrecht
Period22/05/1924/05/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

tail
dietary fiber
swine
toys
weanlings
rubber
lesions (animal)
weaning
tail docking
high fiber diet
amputation
Picea sitchensis
crude fiber
diet
stocking rate
ears
finishing

Keywords

  • Tail biting
  • Tail damage
  • Tail lesions
  • Environmental enrichment
  • Undocked pigs
  • Pig production
  • Animal welfare
  • Pig welfare
  • Dietary fibre
  • Welfare assessment
  • Damaging behaviour

Cite this

Chou, J-Y., D'Eath, R. B., Sandercock, DA., & O'Driscoll, K. (Accepted/In press). Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs. Abstract from 11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM), Utrecht , Netherlands.
Chou, Jen-Yun ; D'Eath, Rick B ; Sandercock, DA ; O'Driscoll, Keelin. / Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs. Abstract from 11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM), Utrecht , Netherlands.
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abstract = "Tail docking has been banned in the EU as a routine practice to control tail biting since 2008. However solutions are still needed to prevent tail biting in undocked pigs in conventional housing systems. This study evaluated the effectiveness of different dietary fibre levels and enrichment types at controlling tail biting in undocked pigs housed on fully-slatted floors. The experiment had a 2x2x2 factorial design, using 672 pigs in 48 pens, at a commercial stocking density. Pigs were provided with either a rubber floor toy (N=24) or a soft wooden post (Picea sitchensis) (N=24) in the weaner stage. After transferring to the finisher house (7 weeks post-weaning), enrichment type was swapped in half of the pens (N=24) while the remainder kept the same (N=24). From weaning to finishing, pigs were fed a diet with either a standard (weaner 4.2{\%}; finisher 6.6{\%}; N=24) or a higher level of crude fibre (weaner 5.9{\%}; finisher 13.1{\%}; N=24). Behaviour observations and lesion scores were used to assess tail biting severity. Pigs interacted more with the toy than the wood (P<0.001), and these pigs performed less tail and ear directed behaviours (P<0.05). This implies that the rubber floor toy was more effective at diverting biting behaviours away from other pigs. Pigs fed the higher fibre diet were also observed to perform more tail directed behaviours (P<0.05), contrary to the hypothesis. There was no effect of enrichment type or diet on lesion scores. In total 26 severe tail biting outbreaks occurred and almost 70{\%} of the pigs had some degree of tail amputation. The study showed that simply increasing dietary fibre level with minimal enrichment provision is not enough to control tail biting among undocked pigs on fully slatted floors.",
keywords = "Tail biting, Tail damage, Tail lesions, Environmental enrichment, Undocked pigs, Pig production, Animal welfare, Pig welfare, Dietary fibre, Welfare assessment, Damaging behaviour",
author = "Jen-Yun Chou and D'Eath, {Rick B} and DA Sandercock and Keelin O'Driscoll",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
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note = "11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM) ; Conference date: 22-05-2019 Through 24-05-2019",
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Chou, J-Y, D'Eath, RB, Sandercock, DA & O'Driscoll, K 2018, 'Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs' 11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM), Utrecht , Netherlands, 22/05/19 - 24/05/19, .

Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs. / Chou, Jen-Yun; D'Eath, Rick B; Sandercock, DA; O'Driscoll, Keelin.

2018. Abstract from 11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM), Utrecht , Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

TY - CONF

T1 - Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs

AU - Chou, Jen-Yun

AU - D'Eath, Rick B

AU - Sandercock, DA

AU - O'Driscoll, Keelin

PY - 2018/11/29

Y1 - 2018/11/29

N2 - Tail docking has been banned in the EU as a routine practice to control tail biting since 2008. However solutions are still needed to prevent tail biting in undocked pigs in conventional housing systems. This study evaluated the effectiveness of different dietary fibre levels and enrichment types at controlling tail biting in undocked pigs housed on fully-slatted floors. The experiment had a 2x2x2 factorial design, using 672 pigs in 48 pens, at a commercial stocking density. Pigs were provided with either a rubber floor toy (N=24) or a soft wooden post (Picea sitchensis) (N=24) in the weaner stage. After transferring to the finisher house (7 weeks post-weaning), enrichment type was swapped in half of the pens (N=24) while the remainder kept the same (N=24). From weaning to finishing, pigs were fed a diet with either a standard (weaner 4.2%; finisher 6.6%; N=24) or a higher level of crude fibre (weaner 5.9%; finisher 13.1%; N=24). Behaviour observations and lesion scores were used to assess tail biting severity. Pigs interacted more with the toy than the wood (P<0.001), and these pigs performed less tail and ear directed behaviours (P<0.05). This implies that the rubber floor toy was more effective at diverting biting behaviours away from other pigs. Pigs fed the higher fibre diet were also observed to perform more tail directed behaviours (P<0.05), contrary to the hypothesis. There was no effect of enrichment type or diet on lesion scores. In total 26 severe tail biting outbreaks occurred and almost 70% of the pigs had some degree of tail amputation. The study showed that simply increasing dietary fibre level with minimal enrichment provision is not enough to control tail biting among undocked pigs on fully slatted floors.

AB - Tail docking has been banned in the EU as a routine practice to control tail biting since 2008. However solutions are still needed to prevent tail biting in undocked pigs in conventional housing systems. This study evaluated the effectiveness of different dietary fibre levels and enrichment types at controlling tail biting in undocked pigs housed on fully-slatted floors. The experiment had a 2x2x2 factorial design, using 672 pigs in 48 pens, at a commercial stocking density. Pigs were provided with either a rubber floor toy (N=24) or a soft wooden post (Picea sitchensis) (N=24) in the weaner stage. After transferring to the finisher house (7 weeks post-weaning), enrichment type was swapped in half of the pens (N=24) while the remainder kept the same (N=24). From weaning to finishing, pigs were fed a diet with either a standard (weaner 4.2%; finisher 6.6%; N=24) or a higher level of crude fibre (weaner 5.9%; finisher 13.1%; N=24). Behaviour observations and lesion scores were used to assess tail biting severity. Pigs interacted more with the toy than the wood (P<0.001), and these pigs performed less tail and ear directed behaviours (P<0.05). This implies that the rubber floor toy was more effective at diverting biting behaviours away from other pigs. Pigs fed the higher fibre diet were also observed to perform more tail directed behaviours (P<0.05), contrary to the hypothesis. There was no effect of enrichment type or diet on lesion scores. In total 26 severe tail biting outbreaks occurred and almost 70% of the pigs had some degree of tail amputation. The study showed that simply increasing dietary fibre level with minimal enrichment provision is not enough to control tail biting among undocked pigs on fully slatted floors.

KW - Tail biting

KW - Tail damage

KW - Tail lesions

KW - Environmental enrichment

KW - Undocked pigs

KW - Pig production

KW - Animal welfare

KW - Pig welfare

KW - Dietary fibre

KW - Welfare assessment

KW - Damaging behaviour

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Chou J-Y, D'Eath RB, Sandercock DA, O'Driscoll K. Can dietary fibre level and a single enrichment type reduce the risk of tail biting in undocked pigs. 2018. Abstract from 11th European Symposium on Porcine Health Management (ESPHM), Utrecht , Netherlands.