Capitalizing on deliberate, accidental, and GM-driven environmental change caused by crop modification

OGG Knox, RL Walker, EJ Booth, C Hall, AN Crossan, VVSR Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transgenic traits associated with the majority of commercial genetically modified crops are focused on improving herbicide and insecticide management practices. The use of the transgenic technology in these crops and the associated chemistry has been the basis of studies that provide evidence for occasional improvement in environmental benefits due to the use of less residual herbicides, more targeted pesticides, and reduced field traffic. This is nicely exemplified through studies using Environmental Impact Quotient (EIQ) assessments. Whilst EIQ evaluations may sometimes illustrate environmental benefits they have their limitations. EIQ evaluations are not a surrogate for Environmental Risk Assessments and may not reflect real environmental interactions between crops and the environment. Addressing the impact cultivated plants have on the environment generally attracts little public attention and research funding, but the introduction of GM has facilitated an expansion of research to address potential environmental concerns from government, NGOs, industry, consumers, and growers. In this commentary, some evidence from our own research and several key papers that highlight EIQ assessments of the impact crops are having on the environment are presented. This information may be useful as an education tool on the potential benefits of GM and conventional farming. In addition, other deliberate, accidental, and GM-driven benefits derived from the examination of GM cropping systems is briefly discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543 - 549
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume63
Issue number2
Publication statusFirst published - 2012

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environmental impact
crops
herbicides
genetically modified organisms
research support
environmental assessment
traffic
ecosystem services
cropping systems
education
growers
chemistry
insecticides
pesticides
industry
conventional farming

Keywords

  • Cotton
  • EIQ
  • Pesticides

Cite this

Knox, OGG ; Walker, RL ; Booth, EJ ; Hall, C ; Crossan, AN ; Gupta, VVSR. / Capitalizing on deliberate, accidental, and GM-driven environmental change caused by crop modification. In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 2012 ; Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 543 - 549.
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Knox, OGG, Walker, RL, Booth, EJ, Hall, C, Crossan, AN & Gupta, VVSR 2012, 'Capitalizing on deliberate, accidental, and GM-driven environmental change caused by crop modification', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 543 - 549.

Capitalizing on deliberate, accidental, and GM-driven environmental change caused by crop modification. / Knox, OGG; Walker, RL; Booth, EJ; Hall, C; Crossan, AN; Gupta, VVSR.

In: Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 63, No. 2, 2012, p. 543 - 549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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