Cellulose‐based smart materials: Novel synthesis techniques, properties, and applications in energy storage and conversion devices

Pariksha Bishnoi, Samarjeet Singh Siwal*, Vinod Kumar, Vijay Kumar Thakur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

There has been a significant scope toward the cutting‐edge investigations in hierarchical carbon nanostructured electrodes originating from cellulosic materials, such as cellulose nanofibers, available from natural cellulose and bacterial cellulose. Elements of energy storage systems (ESSs) are typically established upon inorganic/metal mixtures, carbonaceous implications, and petroleum‐derived hydrocarbon chemicals. However, these conventional substances may need help fulfilling the ever‐increasing needs of ESSs. Nanocellulose has grown significantly as an impressive 1D element due to its natural availability, eco‐friendliness, recyclability, structural identity, simple transformation, and dimensional durability. Here, in this review article, we have discussed the role and overview of cellulose‐based hydrogels in ESSs. Additionally, the extraction sources and solvents used for dissolution have been discussed in detail. Finally, the properties (such as self‐healing, transparency, strength and swelling behavior), and applications (such as flexible batteries, fuel cells, solar cells, flexible supercapacitors and carbon‐based derived from cellulose) in energy storage devices and conclusion with existing challenges have been updated with recent findings.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectron
Early online date25 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 25 May 2024

Keywords

  • supercapacitors
  • batteries
  • hydrogels
  • fuel cells
  • cellulose‐based materials
  • energy storage devices

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