Comparative analysis of Argentinian and European populations of Ramularia collo‐cygni on barley

Ignacio A. Erreguerena*, Peter N. Hoebe, Marcelo A. Carmona, Eduardo Guillín, Neil D. Havis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ramularia collo‐cygni (Rcc) is a major barley pathogen that causes yield and grain quality losses worldwide. The main sources of Rcc inoculum are the seed and asexual airborne spores. In Argentina, Rcc is considered to be an emerging threat to barley crops, especially as most varieties are susceptible to Rcc and have a European genetic background. Here, we describe the population genetic diversity and structure of the Argentinian Rcc population, based on 10 simple‐sequence repeat (SSR) markers, in order to compare it with Rcc populations from the Czech Republic and Scotland. The Argentinian Rcc population showed lower genetic diversity, higher level of structuring and higher number of clonal isolates than European populations. Significant differentiation at population origin (country) and region (Europe and South America) level suggests the occurrence of a genetic bottleneck and/or a founder effect on Rcc entry to Argentina and that this population could still be in a state of establishment and emergence. Further research on Rcc genetic structure at local and global scale will be crucial for the understanding of Rcc population dynamics for disease management.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Pathology
Early online date1 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 1 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science
  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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