Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines

Nicholas A Gonet*, MA Mitchell, DA Sandercock, Richard R Hunter, Ailsa J Carlisle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

During commercial production broiler chickens may be exposed to elevated thermal loads inducing acute heat stress, for example, during transport from farms to slaughter. Under these conditions birds will experience transient hyperthermia and disturbances in acid-base balance associated with skeletal muscle damage and increased mortality. It is not known if genetic selection for increased growth rate and food conversion efficiency have influenced the susceptibility of broilers to such acute heat stress. The present study, therefore, has compared thermoregulatory success and effort in three grandparent broiler breeder lines (A, B and C) during exposure to acute heat stress (AHS). Ten 6 week old birds from each of the 3 lines were placed in simulated transportation conditions (climate chambers) at 30°C / 70% RH (AHS treatment) for 3 hours. Rectal temperatures were measured and venous blood samples taken before and after AHS and analysed for pCO2 and pH. The mean 6 week body weights for the three lines did not differ significantly. Under the heat load imposed during HS, all 3 lines exhibited significant hyperthermia (p<0.001) and hypocapnia (p<0.01) with a tendency towards an associated alkalosis. In response to the thermal challenge line A exhibited a more marked hyperthermia than the other 2 lines (p<0.05), line C exhibiting the smallest response. The largest disturbances in pCO2 and pH were observed in lines B and A (p<0.05) whilst line C exhibited only a mild hypocapnia and no significant alteration in pH. It may be concluded that line A is the most heat stress susceptible of the three and line C the most heat tolerant. Line C is better able to thermoregulate than line A at the imposed heat load with an apparently reduced thermoregulatory effort. Lines used in the production of broilers possess different degrees of thermotolerance and this may contribute to the thermoregulatory capacities and characteristics of the commercial meat birds. These findings may have implications for future selection strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberabstract 149
Pages (from-to)34-35
Number of pages1
JournalPoultry Science
Volume79
Issue numberSupplement 1
Publication statusPrint publication - 2000
Externally publishedYes
EventWPSA XXI World's Poultry Congress 2000 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 20 Aug 200024 Aug 2000
https://www.worldcat.org/title/xxi-worlds-poultry-congress-montreal-canada-august-20-24-2000-abstracts-proceedings/oclc/223647914/editions?referer=di&editionsView=true

Fingerprint

broiler breeders
heat stress
Hot Temperature
heat
fever
birds
broiler chickens
Hypocapnia
Birds
grandparents
Fever
acid-base balance
poultry production
food conversion
heat tolerance
skeletal muscle
slaughter
meat
Alkalosis
climate

Keywords

  • Genetic selection
  • Acute heat stress
  • Broiler great grandparent line
  • Hyperthermia
  • Hypocapnia
  • Respiratory alkalosis
  • Thermoregulatory effort
  • Thermotolerance
  • Heat stress susceptibility
  • Poultry welfare

Cite this

Gonet, N. A., Mitchell, MA., Sandercock, DA., Hunter, R. R., & Carlisle, A. J. (2000). Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines. Poultry Science, 79(Supplement 1), 34-35. [abstract 149].
Gonet, Nicholas A ; Mitchell, MA ; Sandercock, DA ; Hunter, Richard R ; Carlisle, Ailsa J. / Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines. In: Poultry Science. 2000 ; Vol. 79, No. Supplement 1. pp. 34-35.
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abstract = "During commercial production broiler chickens may be exposed to elevated thermal loads inducing acute heat stress, for example, during transport from farms to slaughter. Under these conditions birds will experience transient hyperthermia and disturbances in acid-base balance associated with skeletal muscle damage and increased mortality. It is not known if genetic selection for increased growth rate and food conversion efficiency have influenced the susceptibility of broilers to such acute heat stress. The present study, therefore, has compared thermoregulatory success and effort in three grandparent broiler breeder lines (A, B and C) during exposure to acute heat stress (AHS). Ten 6 week old birds from each of the 3 lines were placed in simulated transportation conditions (climate chambers) at 30°C / 70{\%} RH (AHS treatment) for 3 hours. Rectal temperatures were measured and venous blood samples taken before and after AHS and analysed for pCO2 and pH. The mean 6 week body weights for the three lines did not differ significantly. Under the heat load imposed during HS, all 3 lines exhibited significant hyperthermia (p<0.001) and hypocapnia (p<0.01) with a tendency towards an associated alkalosis. In response to the thermal challenge line A exhibited a more marked hyperthermia than the other 2 lines (p<0.05), line C exhibiting the smallest response. The largest disturbances in pCO2 and pH were observed in lines B and A (p<0.05) whilst line C exhibited only a mild hypocapnia and no significant alteration in pH. It may be concluded that line A is the most heat stress susceptible of the three and line C the most heat tolerant. Line C is better able to thermoregulate than line A at the imposed heat load with an apparently reduced thermoregulatory effort. Lines used in the production of broilers possess different degrees of thermotolerance and this may contribute to the thermoregulatory capacities and characteristics of the commercial meat birds. These findings may have implications for future selection strategies.",
keywords = "Genetic selection, Acute heat stress, Broiler great grandparent line, Hyperthermia, Hypocapnia, Respiratory alkalosis, Thermoregulatory effort, Thermotolerance, Heat stress susceptibility, Poultry welfare",
author = "Gonet, {Nicholas A} and MA Mitchell and DA Sandercock and Hunter, {Richard R} and Carlisle, {Ailsa J}",
year = "2000",
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Gonet, NA, Mitchell, MA, Sandercock, DA, Hunter, RR & Carlisle, AJ 2000, 'Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines', Poultry Science, vol. 79, no. Supplement 1, abstract 149, pp. 34-35.

Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines. / Gonet, Nicholas A; Mitchell, MA; Sandercock, DA; Hunter, Richard R; Carlisle, Ailsa J.

In: Poultry Science, Vol. 79, No. Supplement 1, abstract 149, 2000, p. 34-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines

AU - Gonet, Nicholas A

AU - Mitchell, MA

AU - Sandercock, DA

AU - Hunter, Richard R

AU - Carlisle, Ailsa J

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - During commercial production broiler chickens may be exposed to elevated thermal loads inducing acute heat stress, for example, during transport from farms to slaughter. Under these conditions birds will experience transient hyperthermia and disturbances in acid-base balance associated with skeletal muscle damage and increased mortality. It is not known if genetic selection for increased growth rate and food conversion efficiency have influenced the susceptibility of broilers to such acute heat stress. The present study, therefore, has compared thermoregulatory success and effort in three grandparent broiler breeder lines (A, B and C) during exposure to acute heat stress (AHS). Ten 6 week old birds from each of the 3 lines were placed in simulated transportation conditions (climate chambers) at 30°C / 70% RH (AHS treatment) for 3 hours. Rectal temperatures were measured and venous blood samples taken before and after AHS and analysed for pCO2 and pH. The mean 6 week body weights for the three lines did not differ significantly. Under the heat load imposed during HS, all 3 lines exhibited significant hyperthermia (p<0.001) and hypocapnia (p<0.01) with a tendency towards an associated alkalosis. In response to the thermal challenge line A exhibited a more marked hyperthermia than the other 2 lines (p<0.05), line C exhibiting the smallest response. The largest disturbances in pCO2 and pH were observed in lines B and A (p<0.05) whilst line C exhibited only a mild hypocapnia and no significant alteration in pH. It may be concluded that line A is the most heat stress susceptible of the three and line C the most heat tolerant. Line C is better able to thermoregulate than line A at the imposed heat load with an apparently reduced thermoregulatory effort. Lines used in the production of broilers possess different degrees of thermotolerance and this may contribute to the thermoregulatory capacities and characteristics of the commercial meat birds. These findings may have implications for future selection strategies.

AB - During commercial production broiler chickens may be exposed to elevated thermal loads inducing acute heat stress, for example, during transport from farms to slaughter. Under these conditions birds will experience transient hyperthermia and disturbances in acid-base balance associated with skeletal muscle damage and increased mortality. It is not known if genetic selection for increased growth rate and food conversion efficiency have influenced the susceptibility of broilers to such acute heat stress. The present study, therefore, has compared thermoregulatory success and effort in three grandparent broiler breeder lines (A, B and C) during exposure to acute heat stress (AHS). Ten 6 week old birds from each of the 3 lines were placed in simulated transportation conditions (climate chambers) at 30°C / 70% RH (AHS treatment) for 3 hours. Rectal temperatures were measured and venous blood samples taken before and after AHS and analysed for pCO2 and pH. The mean 6 week body weights for the three lines did not differ significantly. Under the heat load imposed during HS, all 3 lines exhibited significant hyperthermia (p<0.001) and hypocapnia (p<0.01) with a tendency towards an associated alkalosis. In response to the thermal challenge line A exhibited a more marked hyperthermia than the other 2 lines (p<0.05), line C exhibiting the smallest response. The largest disturbances in pCO2 and pH were observed in lines B and A (p<0.05) whilst line C exhibited only a mild hypocapnia and no significant alteration in pH. It may be concluded that line A is the most heat stress susceptible of the three and line C the most heat tolerant. Line C is better able to thermoregulate than line A at the imposed heat load with an apparently reduced thermoregulatory effort. Lines used in the production of broilers possess different degrees of thermotolerance and this may contribute to the thermoregulatory capacities and characteristics of the commercial meat birds. These findings may have implications for future selection strategies.

KW - Genetic selection

KW - Acute heat stress

KW - Broiler great grandparent line

KW - Hyperthermia

KW - Hypocapnia

KW - Respiratory alkalosis

KW - Thermoregulatory effort

KW - Thermotolerance

KW - Heat stress susceptibility

KW - Poultry welfare

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 79

SP - 34

EP - 35

JO - Poultry Science

JF - Poultry Science

SN - 0032-5791

IS - Supplement 1

M1 - abstract 149

ER -

Gonet NA, Mitchell MA, Sandercock DA, Hunter RR, Carlisle AJ. Contrasting heat stress sensitivity in different broiler breeder lines. Poultry Science. 2000;79(Supplement 1):34-35. abstract 149.