Control of flowering time in temperate cereals: genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity

James Cockram, Huw Jones, Fiona J Leigh, Donal O'Sullivan, Wayne Powell, David A Laurie, Andrew J Greenland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

256 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The control of flowering is central to reproductive success in plants, and has a major impact on grain yield in crop species. The global importance of temperate cereal crops such as wheat and barley has meant emphasis has long been placed on understanding the genetics of flowering in order to enhance yield. Leads gained from the dissection of the molecular genetics of model species have combined with comparative genetic approaches, recently resulting in the isolation of the first flowering time genes in wheat and barley. This paper reviews the genetics and genes involved in cereal flowering pathways and the current understanding of how two of the principal genes, Vrn and Ppd, have been involved in domestication and adaptation to local environments, and the implications for future breeding programmes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1231-44
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hordeum
Triticum
Genes
Molecular Models
Genetic Models
Breeding
Dissection
Molecular Biology
Domestication
Edible Grain

Keywords

  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Edible Grain/genetics
  • Flowers/genetics
  • Genes, Plant
  • Photoperiod

Cite this

Cockram, J., Jones, H., Leigh, F. J., O'Sullivan, D., Powell, W., Laurie, D. A., & Greenland, A. J. (2007). Control of flowering time in temperate cereals: genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58(6), 1231-44. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm042
Cockram, James ; Jones, Huw ; Leigh, Fiona J ; O'Sullivan, Donal ; Powell, Wayne ; Laurie, David A ; Greenland, Andrew J. / Control of flowering time in temperate cereals : genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity. In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 2007 ; Vol. 58, No. 6. pp. 1231-44.
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Cockram, J, Jones, H, Leigh, FJ, O'Sullivan, D, Powell, W, Laurie, DA & Greenland, AJ 2007, 'Control of flowering time in temperate cereals: genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 1231-44. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm042

Control of flowering time in temperate cereals : genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity. / Cockram, James; Jones, Huw; Leigh, Fiona J; O'Sullivan, Donal; Powell, Wayne; Laurie, David A; Greenland, Andrew J.

In: Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 58, No. 6, 2007, p. 1231-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Control of flowering time in temperate cereals

T2 - genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity

AU - Cockram, James

AU - Jones, Huw

AU - Leigh, Fiona J

AU - O'Sullivan, Donal

AU - Powell, Wayne

AU - Laurie, David A

AU - Greenland, Andrew J

PY - 2007

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AB - The control of flowering is central to reproductive success in plants, and has a major impact on grain yield in crop species. The global importance of temperate cereal crops such as wheat and barley has meant emphasis has long been placed on understanding the genetics of flowering in order to enhance yield. Leads gained from the dissection of the molecular genetics of model species have combined with comparative genetic approaches, recently resulting in the isolation of the first flowering time genes in wheat and barley. This paper reviews the genetics and genes involved in cereal flowering pathways and the current understanding of how two of the principal genes, Vrn and Ppd, have been involved in domestication and adaptation to local environments, and the implications for future breeding programmes are discussed.

KW - Cloning, Molecular

KW - Edible Grain/genetics

KW - Flowers/genetics

KW - Genes, Plant

KW - Photoperiod

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DO - 10.1093/jxb/erm042

M3 - Review article

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VL - 58

SP - 1231

EP - 1244

JO - Journal of Experimental Botany

JF - Journal of Experimental Botany

SN - 0022-0957

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