Counting the costs of farmed salmonids diseases

A Fofana, C Baulcomb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article describes the assumptions and calculations underlying best estimates of the direct and indirect costs of three salmonid diseases in the United Kingdom: infectious salmon anaemia (ISA), viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS), and infectious haemorrhagic necrosis (IHN) using a standardized spreadsheet-based model. The data input for the model was derived from the literature and from a small survey specifically conducted to obtain the additional information required. The costs of private and public surveillance, treatment, prevention, and eradication of the known outbreaks of ISA and VHS, and a simulated outbreak of IHN, were estimated. The average current costs of all aquaculture disease surveillance and control by the private and public sectors averaged £17.6 million per annum, of which the private sector share of expenditure averaged 80% per annum. Specific disease surveillance and control costs for three diseases ranged between £4.7 million and £5.6 million per annum. While the current literature supports the concept that indirect costs (such as export trade restriction and consumer response to disease outbreak) have the capacity to cause major losses in the industry, the indication in our model is that the magnitude of indirect costs for salmonid disease outbreak is not significant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118 - 136
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Aquaculture
Volume24
Publication statusFirst published - 2012

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infectious salmon anemia
septicemia
Salmonidae
United Kingdom
aquaculture
industry

Bibliographical note

1023114

Keywords

  • Indirect costs
  • Infectious haemorrhagic necrosis (IHN)
  • Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA)
  • Surveillance and control
  • Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS)

Cite this

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title = "Counting the costs of farmed salmonids diseases",
abstract = "This article describes the assumptions and calculations underlying best estimates of the direct and indirect costs of three salmonid diseases in the United Kingdom: infectious salmon anaemia (ISA), viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS), and infectious haemorrhagic necrosis (IHN) using a standardized spreadsheet-based model. The data input for the model was derived from the literature and from a small survey specifically conducted to obtain the additional information required. The costs of private and public surveillance, treatment, prevention, and eradication of the known outbreaks of ISA and VHS, and a simulated outbreak of IHN, were estimated. The average current costs of all aquaculture disease surveillance and control by the private and public sectors averaged £17.6 million per annum, of which the private sector share of expenditure averaged 80{\%} per annum. Specific disease surveillance and control costs for three diseases ranged between £4.7 million and £5.6 million per annum. While the current literature supports the concept that indirect costs (such as export trade restriction and consumer response to disease outbreak) have the capacity to cause major losses in the industry, the indication in our model is that the magnitude of indirect costs for salmonid disease outbreak is not significant.",
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Counting the costs of farmed salmonids diseases. / Fofana, A; Baulcomb, C.

In: Journal of Applied Aquaculture, Vol. 24, 2012, p. 118 - 136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Counting the costs of farmed salmonids diseases

AU - Fofana, A

AU - Baulcomb, C

N1 - 1023114

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AB - This article describes the assumptions and calculations underlying best estimates of the direct and indirect costs of three salmonid diseases in the United Kingdom: infectious salmon anaemia (ISA), viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS), and infectious haemorrhagic necrosis (IHN) using a standardized spreadsheet-based model. The data input for the model was derived from the literature and from a small survey specifically conducted to obtain the additional information required. The costs of private and public surveillance, treatment, prevention, and eradication of the known outbreaks of ISA and VHS, and a simulated outbreak of IHN, were estimated. The average current costs of all aquaculture disease surveillance and control by the private and public sectors averaged £17.6 million per annum, of which the private sector share of expenditure averaged 80% per annum. Specific disease surveillance and control costs for three diseases ranged between £4.7 million and £5.6 million per annum. While the current literature supports the concept that indirect costs (such as export trade restriction and consumer response to disease outbreak) have the capacity to cause major losses in the industry, the indication in our model is that the magnitude of indirect costs for salmonid disease outbreak is not significant.

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KW - Infectious haemorrhagic necrosis (IHN)

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KW - Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS)

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JO - Journal of Applied Aquaculture

JF - Journal of Applied Aquaculture

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