Creating testable questions in practical conservation: a process and 100 questions

William J. Sutherland*, Jake M. Robinson, David C. Aldridge, Tim Alamenciak, Matthew Armes, Nina Baranduin, Andrew J. Bladon, Martin F. Breed, Nicki Dyas, Chris S. Elphick, Richard A. Griffiths, Jonny Hughes, Beccy Middleton, Nick A. Littlewood, Roger Mitchell, William H. Morgan, Roy Mosley, Silviu O. Petrovan, Kit Prendergast, Euan G. RitchieHugh Raven, Rebecca K. Smith, Sarah H. Watts, Ann Thornton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

4 Citations (Scopus)
145 Downloads (Pure)


It is now clear that the routine embedding of experiments into conservation practice is essential for creating reasonably comprehensive evidence of the effectiveness of actions. However, an important barrier is the stage of identifying testable questions that are both useful but also realistic to carry out without a major research project. We identified approaches for generating such suitable questions. A team of 24 participants crowdsourced suggestions, resulting in a list of a hundred possible tests of actions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalConservation Evidence
Publication statusPrint publication - Apr 2022


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