Development of paper-based DNA sensor for detection of O. tsutsugamushi using sustainable GQDs@AuNPs nanocomposite

Deepak Kala, Tarun Kumar Sharma, Shagun Gupta, Reena V. Saini, Adesh K. Saini, Walaa F. Alsanie, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Ankur Kaushal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


The graphene quantum dots (GQDs) was synthesized using potato starch and water by hydrothermal method and further used for reduction of tetracholoroauric acid to form graphene quantum dots-gold (GQDs@AuNPs) nanocomposite. The GQDs/GQDs@AuNPs were analyzed using FTIR, UV–Vis, Flourometry and HR-TEM. The synthesized GQDs@AuNPs were further used for fabrication of cost-effective screen-printed paper electrode (SPPE) based DNA sensor for the detection of O. tsutsugamushi using htrA gene specific 5′NH2 linked DNA probe. Modification of SPPE using GQDs@AuNPs nanocomposite and ssDNA probe was monitored using EIS, FTIR, FE-SEM and AFM. The sensor detection limit (LOD) was assessed as 0.002 ng/μl from the standard calibration curve with the correlation coefficient, R2 = 0.993. The sensitivity of the DNA sensor was calculated as 7700 μA/cm2/ng for ssGDNA of O. tsutsugamushi using cyclic voltammetry. The sensor validation was done using scrub typhus patient's blood DNA samples. The sensor showed good storage stability at 4 °C for six months with just a loss of 12% of the initial current values. The SPPE/DNA sensor developed is very specific, sensitive, stable and detects O. tsutsugamushi in less time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134428
Early online date5 Apr 2022
Publication statusPrint publication - Aug 2022


  • DNA sensor
  • GQDs
  • GQDs@AuNPs nanocomposite
  • Screen printed paper electrode
  • Scrub typhus


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