Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment

M. A. Sutton, E. Nemitz, M. R. Theobald, C. Milford, J. R. Dorsey, M. W. Gallagher, A. Hensen, P. A.C. Jongejan, J. W. Erisman, M. Mattsson, J. K. Schjoerring, P. Cellier, B. Loubet, R. Roche, A. Neftel, B. Hermann, S. K. Jones, B. E. Lehman, L. Horvath, T. WeidingerK. Rajkai, J. Burkhardt, F. J. Löpmeier, U. Daemmgen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A major international experiment on ammonia (NH3) biosphere-atmosphere exchange was conducted over intensively managed grassland at Braunschweig, Germany. The experimental strategy was developed to allow an integrated analysis of different features of NH3 exchange including: a) quantification of nearby emissions and advection effects, b) estimation of net NH3 fluxes with the canopy by a range of micrometeorological measurements, c) analysis of the sources and sinks of NH3 within the plant canopy, including soils and bioassay measurements, d) comparison of the effects of grassland management options on NH3 fluxes and e) assessment of the interactions of NH3 fluxes with aerosol exchange processes. Additional technical objectives included the inter-comparison of different estimates of sensible and latent heat fluxes, as well as continuous-gradient and Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (REA) systems for NH 3 fluxes. The prior analysis established the spatial and temporal design of the experiment, allowing significant synergy between these objectives. The measurements were made at 7 measurement locations, thereby quantifying horizontal and vertical profiles, and covered three phases: a) tall grass canopy prior to cutting (7 days), b) short grass after cutting (7 days) and c) re-growing sward following fertilization with ammonium nitrate (10 days). The sequential management treatments allowed comparison of sources-sinks, advection and aerosol interactions under a wide range of NH3 fluxes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-331
Number of pages23
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 5 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

ammonia
grasslands
grassland
canopy
advection
grass
aerosol
sward
experiment
latent heat flux
sensible heat flux
ammonium nitrate
biosphere
vertical profile
bioassay
eddy
aerosols
atmosphere
grasses
comparison

Cite this

Sutton, M. A., Nemitz, E., Theobald, M. R., Milford, C., Dorsey, J. R., Gallagher, M. W., ... Daemmgen, U. (2009). Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment. Biogeosciences, 6(3), 309-331. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-6-309-2009
Sutton, M. A. ; Nemitz, E. ; Theobald, M. R. ; Milford, C. ; Dorsey, J. R. ; Gallagher, M. W. ; Hensen, A. ; Jongejan, P. A.C. ; Erisman, J. W. ; Mattsson, M. ; Schjoerring, J. K. ; Cellier, P. ; Loubet, B. ; Roche, R. ; Neftel, A. ; Hermann, B. ; Jones, S. K. ; Lehman, B. E. ; Horvath, L. ; Weidinger, T. ; Rajkai, K. ; Burkhardt, J. ; Löpmeier, F. J. ; Daemmgen, U. / Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment. In: Biogeosciences. 2009 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 309-331.
@article{875d487eba2c48588fd28d7df1f2fee0,
title = "Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment",
abstract = "A major international experiment on ammonia (NH3) biosphere-atmosphere exchange was conducted over intensively managed grassland at Braunschweig, Germany. The experimental strategy was developed to allow an integrated analysis of different features of NH3 exchange including: a) quantification of nearby emissions and advection effects, b) estimation of net NH3 fluxes with the canopy by a range of micrometeorological measurements, c) analysis of the sources and sinks of NH3 within the plant canopy, including soils and bioassay measurements, d) comparison of the effects of grassland management options on NH3 fluxes and e) assessment of the interactions of NH3 fluxes with aerosol exchange processes. Additional technical objectives included the inter-comparison of different estimates of sensible and latent heat fluxes, as well as continuous-gradient and Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (REA) systems for NH 3 fluxes. The prior analysis established the spatial and temporal design of the experiment, allowing significant synergy between these objectives. The measurements were made at 7 measurement locations, thereby quantifying horizontal and vertical profiles, and covered three phases: a) tall grass canopy prior to cutting (7 days), b) short grass after cutting (7 days) and c) re-growing sward following fertilization with ammonium nitrate (10 days). The sequential management treatments allowed comparison of sources-sinks, advection and aerosol interactions under a wide range of NH3 fluxes.",
author = "Sutton, {M. A.} and E. Nemitz and Theobald, {M. R.} and C. Milford and Dorsey, {J. R.} and Gallagher, {M. W.} and A. Hensen and Jongejan, {P. A.C.} and Erisman, {J. W.} and M. Mattsson and Schjoerring, {J. K.} and P. Cellier and B. Loubet and R. Roche and A. Neftel and B. Hermann and Jones, {S. K.} and Lehman, {B. E.} and L. Horvath and T. Weidinger and K. Rajkai and J. Burkhardt and L{\"o}pmeier, {F. J.} and U. Daemmgen",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
day = "5",
doi = "10.5194/bg-6-309-2009",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "309--331",
journal = "Biogeosciences",
issn = "1726-4170",
publisher = "European Geosciences Union",
number = "3",

}

Sutton, MA, Nemitz, E, Theobald, MR, Milford, C, Dorsey, JR, Gallagher, MW, Hensen, A, Jongejan, PAC, Erisman, JW, Mattsson, M, Schjoerring, JK, Cellier, P, Loubet, B, Roche, R, Neftel, A, Hermann, B, Jones, SK, Lehman, BE, Horvath, L, Weidinger, T, Rajkai, K, Burkhardt, J, Löpmeier, FJ & Daemmgen, U 2009, 'Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment', Biogeosciences, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 309-331. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-6-309-2009

Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment. / Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Theobald, M. R.; Milford, C.; Dorsey, J. R.; Gallagher, M. W.; Hensen, A.; Jongejan, P. A.C.; Erisman, J. W.; Mattsson, M.; Schjoerring, J. K.; Cellier, P.; Loubet, B.; Roche, R.; Neftel, A.; Hermann, B.; Jones, S. K.; Lehman, B. E.; Horvath, L.; Weidinger, T.; Rajkai, K.; Burkhardt, J.; Löpmeier, F. J.; Daemmgen, U.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 6, No. 3, 05.03.2009, p. 309-331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE integrated experiment

AU - Sutton, M. A.

AU - Nemitz, E.

AU - Theobald, M. R.

AU - Milford, C.

AU - Dorsey, J. R.

AU - Gallagher, M. W.

AU - Hensen, A.

AU - Jongejan, P. A.C.

AU - Erisman, J. W.

AU - Mattsson, M.

AU - Schjoerring, J. K.

AU - Cellier, P.

AU - Loubet, B.

AU - Roche, R.

AU - Neftel, A.

AU - Hermann, B.

AU - Jones, S. K.

AU - Lehman, B. E.

AU - Horvath, L.

AU - Weidinger, T.

AU - Rajkai, K.

AU - Burkhardt, J.

AU - Löpmeier, F. J.

AU - Daemmgen, U.

PY - 2009/3/5

Y1 - 2009/3/5

N2 - A major international experiment on ammonia (NH3) biosphere-atmosphere exchange was conducted over intensively managed grassland at Braunschweig, Germany. The experimental strategy was developed to allow an integrated analysis of different features of NH3 exchange including: a) quantification of nearby emissions and advection effects, b) estimation of net NH3 fluxes with the canopy by a range of micrometeorological measurements, c) analysis of the sources and sinks of NH3 within the plant canopy, including soils and bioassay measurements, d) comparison of the effects of grassland management options on NH3 fluxes and e) assessment of the interactions of NH3 fluxes with aerosol exchange processes. Additional technical objectives included the inter-comparison of different estimates of sensible and latent heat fluxes, as well as continuous-gradient and Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (REA) systems for NH 3 fluxes. The prior analysis established the spatial and temporal design of the experiment, allowing significant synergy between these objectives. The measurements were made at 7 measurement locations, thereby quantifying horizontal and vertical profiles, and covered three phases: a) tall grass canopy prior to cutting (7 days), b) short grass after cutting (7 days) and c) re-growing sward following fertilization with ammonium nitrate (10 days). The sequential management treatments allowed comparison of sources-sinks, advection and aerosol interactions under a wide range of NH3 fluxes.

AB - A major international experiment on ammonia (NH3) biosphere-atmosphere exchange was conducted over intensively managed grassland at Braunschweig, Germany. The experimental strategy was developed to allow an integrated analysis of different features of NH3 exchange including: a) quantification of nearby emissions and advection effects, b) estimation of net NH3 fluxes with the canopy by a range of micrometeorological measurements, c) analysis of the sources and sinks of NH3 within the plant canopy, including soils and bioassay measurements, d) comparison of the effects of grassland management options on NH3 fluxes and e) assessment of the interactions of NH3 fluxes with aerosol exchange processes. Additional technical objectives included the inter-comparison of different estimates of sensible and latent heat fluxes, as well as continuous-gradient and Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (REA) systems for NH 3 fluxes. The prior analysis established the spatial and temporal design of the experiment, allowing significant synergy between these objectives. The measurements were made at 7 measurement locations, thereby quantifying horizontal and vertical profiles, and covered three phases: a) tall grass canopy prior to cutting (7 days), b) short grass after cutting (7 days) and c) re-growing sward following fertilization with ammonium nitrate (10 days). The sequential management treatments allowed comparison of sources-sinks, advection and aerosol interactions under a wide range of NH3 fluxes.

U2 - 10.5194/bg-6-309-2009

DO - 10.5194/bg-6-309-2009

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77949650469

VL - 6

SP - 309

EP - 331

JO - Biogeosciences

JF - Biogeosciences

SN - 1726-4170

IS - 3

ER -