Effect of dietary Enterolobium cyclocarpum on microbial protein flow and nutrient digestibility in sheep maintained fauna-free, with total mixed fauna or with Entodinium caudatum monofauna

K M Koenig, M Ivan, B T Teferedegne, D P Morgavi, L M Rode, I M Ibrahim, C J Newbold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three groups of five wethers with ruminal and duodenal cannulas and maintained as either fauna-free (FF) or inoculated with total mixed fauna (TF) or Entodinium caudatum as a single-species monofauna (EN) were used in an experiment with two 28 d periods. In the first period, the sheep were fed a control barley-based diet (40:60 concentrate to silage DM) and in the second period the diet was supplemented with 187 g DM of Enterolobium cyclocarpum for the last 12 d of the period. The diets of period 1 and 2 were isonitrogenous. There was no effect of fauna on apparent ruminal and total tract organic matter and fibre digestion, but bacterial and microbial N flow and efficiency were improved in FF sheep compared to TF sheep. In period 2, protozoal numbers were reduced between 31 and 88 % 2 h after feeding E. cyclocarpum for the third to twelfth day of supplementation and by an average of 25 % in samples collected over the 24 h feeding cycle. Supplementation of the diet with E. cyclocarpum and the consequent protozoal reduction in TF and EN sheep improved the flow of non-ammonia N and bacterial N to the small intestine and the efficiency of microbial synthesis. However, E. cyclocarpum reduced ruminal organic matter digestion, especially in faunated sheep, and total tract organic matter, N and fibre digestion. Thus, a reduction in the protozoal cell numbers of 25 % was sufficient to achieve the beneficial effects of reduced fauna on the bacterial protein supply, but diet digestibility was reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-16
Number of pages13
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Proteins/metabolism
  • Ciliophora/isolation & purification
  • Dietary Fiber/metabolism
  • Dietary Proteins/metabolism
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Digestion/physiology
  • Duodenum/physiology
  • Fabaceae/physiology
  • Fatty Acids, Volatile/analysis
  • Fermentation/physiology
  • Gastrointestinal Transit/physiology
  • Nitrogen/metabolism
  • Protozoan Proteins/metabolism
  • Rumen/metabolism
  • Sheep

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