Electrospinning of Cellulose: Process and Applications

Raghavan Prasanth*, Shubha Nageswaran, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Jou Hyeon Ahn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellulose is a naturally occurring polymer which is abundant and easily biodegradable. These properties make cellulose fibers useful for a wide range of applications such as filteration, artificial tissue/skin, protective clothing, etc. However, processing of cellulose is restricted by its limited solubility in common solvents and its inability to melt because of its numerous intermolecular and intramolecular hydrogen bonding . Electrospinning is one of the most common methods used for the synthesis of cellulose nanofibers. Electrostatic fiber spinning, or "electrospinning," is a novel process for forming fibers with submicron scale diameters. In electrospinning, a high voltage electric field is applied to the polymer solution that flows out of the needle tip and the fibers are collected on a grounded target plate. The present chapter highlights the current state-of-the-art synthesis of nanofiber mats of cellulose by elctrospinning in connection with process parameters and their influence on the properties of the fibers. Also discussed are the versatile industrial applications of those nonwoven fiber mats.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanocellulose Polymer Nanocomposites
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Applications
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Chapter12
Pages311-340
Number of pages30
Volume9781118871904
ISBN (Electronic)9781118872246
ISBN (Print)9781118871904
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 3 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellulose processing
  • Composite fibers
  • Electrospinning
  • Manmade fiber
  • Nanofiber
  • Nanofiber mats
  • Natural polymer
  • Nonwowen membranes
  • Room temperature ionic liquids

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  • Cite this

    Prasanth, R., Nageswaran, S., Thakur, V. K., & Ahn, J. H. (2014). Electrospinning of Cellulose: Process and Applications. In Nanocellulose Polymer Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications (Vol. 9781118871904, pp. 311-340). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118872246.ch12