Encapsulation of Plant Biocontrol Bacteria with Alginate as a Main Polymer Material

Roohallah Saberi Riseh, Yury A. Skorik*, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Mojde Moradi Pour, Elahe Tamanadar, Shahnaz Shahidi Noghabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

One of the most favored trends in modern agriculture is biological control. However, many reports show that survival of biocontrol bacteria is poor in host plants. Providing biocontrol agents with protection by encapsulation within external coatings has therefore become a popular idea. Various techniques, including extrusion, spray drying, and emulsion, have been introduced for encapsulation of biocontrol bacteria. One commonly used biopolymer for this type of microencapsulation is alginate, a biopolymer extracted from seaweed. Recent progress has resulted in the production of alginate-based microcapsules that meet key bacterial encapsulation requirements, including biocompatibility, biodegradability, and support of long-term survival and function. However, more studies are needed regarding the effect of encapsulation on protective bacteria and their targeted release in organic crop production systems. Most importantly, the efficacy of alginate use for the encapsulation of biocontrol bacteria in pest and disease management requires further verification. Achieving a new formulation based on biodegradable polymers can have significant effects on increasing the quantity and quality of agricultural products.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11165
Pages (from-to)e11165
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number20
Early online date16 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 16 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Alginate
  • Chitosan
  • Encapsulation
  • Pest management
  • Plant disease

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