Engineered microbial host selection for value-added bioproducts from lignocellulose

Renato Graciano de Paula, Amanda Cristina Campos Antoniêto, Liliane Fraga Costa Ribeiro, Neha Srivastava, Anthonia O'Donovan, P. K. Mishra, Vijai K. Gupta*, Roberto N. Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lignocellulose is a rich and sustainable globally available carbon source and is considered a prominent alternative raw material for producing biofuels and valuable chemical compounds. Enzymatic hydrolysis is one of the crucial steps of lignocellulose degradation. Cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic enzyme mixes produced by different microorganisms including filamentous fungi, yeasts and bacteria, are used to degrade the biomass to liberate monosaccharides and other compounds for fermentation or conversion to value-added products. During biomass pretreatment and degradation, toxic compounds are produced, and undesirable carbon catabolic repression (CCR) can occur. In order to solve this problem, microbial metabolic pathways and transcription factors involved have been investigated along with the application of protein engineering to optimize the biorefinery platform. Engineered Microorganisms have been used to produce specific enzymes to breakdown biomass polymers and metabolize sugars to produce ethanol as well other biochemical compounds. Protein engineering strategies have been used for modifying lignocellulolytic enzymes to overcome enzymatic limitations and improving both their production and functionality. Furthermore, promoters and transcription factors, which are key proteins in this process, are modified to promote microbial gene expression that allows a maximum performance of the hydrolytic enzymes for lignocellulosic degradation. The present review will present a critical discussion and highlight the aspects of the use of microorganisms to convert lignocellulose into value-added bioproduct as well combat the bottlenecks to make the biorefinery platform from lignocellulose attractive to the market.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107347
JournalBiotechnology Advances
Volume37
Issue number6
Early online date13 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Metabolic engineering
  • Protein engineering
  • Transcriptional factors
  • Value-added bioproducts

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    de Paula, R. G., Antoniêto, A. C. C., Ribeiro, L. F. C., Srivastava, N., O'Donovan, A., Mishra, P. K., Gupta, V. K., & Silva, R. N. (2019). Engineered microbial host selection for value-added bioproducts from lignocellulose. Biotechnology Advances, 37(6), [107347]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.02.003