Entomopathogenic nematodes associated with organic honeybush (Cyclopia spp.) cultivation in South Africa

FY Daramola, Francis Lewu, Antoinette Malan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) of the genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis have demonstrated great potential as useful bio-control agents in the management of certain important soil-inhabiting insect pests of agricultural crops. In a survey of nematodes associated with organic honeybush cultivation, soil samples were obtained from nine organic honeybush plots, which are located in the Bredasdorp area of the Western Cape province of South Africa. The EPNs were isolated from soil by baiting with larvae of Galleria mellonella (greater wax moth) and identified by the amplification of the internal transcribed spacer region using the primer set TW81 and AB28. EPNs were abundant in the honeybush orchards, accounting for about 50% of the sampled fields and five EPN species were identified including Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, Heterorhabditis safricana, Steinernema khoisanae,. Steinernema nguyeni, Oscheius sp. and an unknown EPN, therefore suggesting a substantial diversity of EPNs in the sampled fields. A 100% mortality of infected G. mellonella larvae was recorded within 48 h of exposure to the nematodes. However, although these EPNs have been previously reported in South Africa, it is the first time they are found in such diversity on a conservative tillage management system in organic honeybush cultivation.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere18
JournalJournal of Helminthology
Publication statusFirst published - 7 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press.


  • Biological control
  • Galleria mellonella
  • Heterorhabditis
  • Steinernema
  • honeybush


Dive into the research topics of 'Entomopathogenic nematodes associated with organic honeybush (Cyclopia spp.) cultivation in South Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this