Evolution of sex determination and heterogamety changes in section Otites of the genus Silene

Veronika Balounova, Roman Gogela, Radim Cegan, Patrick Cangren, Jitka Zluvova, Jan Safar, Viera Kovacova, R Bergero, Roman Hobza, Boris Vyskot, Bengt Oxelman, Deborah Charlesworth, Bohuslav Janousek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Switches in heterogamety are known to occur in both animals and plants. Although plant sex determination systems probably often evolved more recently than those in several well-studied animals, including mammals, and have had less time for switches to occur, we previously detected a switch in heterogamety in the plant genus Silene: section Otites has both female and male heterogamety, whereas S. latifolia and its close relatives, in a different section of the genus, Melandrium (subgenus Behenantha), all have male heterogamety. Here we analyse the evolution of sex chromosomes in section Otites, which is estimated to have evolved only about 0.55 MYA. Our study confirms female heterogamety in S. otites and newly reveals female heterogamety in S. borysthenica. Sequence analyses and genetic mapping show that the sex-linked regions of these two species are the same, but the region in S. colpophylla, a close relative with male heterogamety, is different. The sex chromosome pairs of S. colpophylla and S. otites each correspond to an autosome of the other species, and both differ from the XY pair in S. latifolia. Silene section Otites species are suitable for detailed studies of the events involved in such changes, and our phylogenetic analysis suggests a possible change from female to male heterogamety within this section. Our analyses suggest a possibility that has so far not been considered, change in heterogamety through hybridization, in which a male-determining chromosome from one species is introgressed into another one, and over-rides its previous sex-determining system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1045
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Early online date31 Jan 2019
Publication statusFirst published - 31 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


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