Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley

Mohammad Pourkheirandish, Goetz Hensel, Benjamin Kilian, Natesan Senthil, Guoxiong Chen, Mohammad Sameri, Perumal Azhaguvel, Shun Sakuma, Sidram Dhanagond, Rajiv Sharma, Martin Mascher, Axel Himmelbach, Sven Gottwald, Sudha K Nair, Akemi Tagiri, Fumiko Yukuhiro, Yoshiaki Nagamura, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Takashi Matsumoto, George WillcoxChristopher P Middleton, Thomas Wicker, Alexander Walther, Robbie Waugh, Geoffrey B Fincher, Nils Stein, Jochen Kumlehn, Kazuhiro Sato, Takao Komatsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

About 12,000 years ago in the Near East, humans began the transition from hunter-gathering to agriculture-based societies. Barley was a founder crop in this process, and the most important steps in its domestication were mutations in two adjacent, dominant, and complementary genes, through which grains were retained on the inflorescence at maturity, enabling effective harvesting. Independent recessive mutations in each of these genes caused cell wall thickening in a highly specific grain "disarticulation zone," converting the brittle floral axis (the rachis) of the wild-type into a tough, non-brittle form that promoted grain retention. By tracing the evolutionary history of allelic variation in both genes, we conclude that spatially and temporally independent selections of germplasm with a non-brittle rachis were made during the domestication of barley by farmers in the southern and northern regions of the Levant, actions that made a major contribution to the emergence of early agrarian societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-539
Number of pages13
JournalCell
Volume162
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 30 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hordeum
Genes
Disarticulation
Dominant Genes
Inflorescence
Mutation
Middle East
Agriculture
Cell Wall
History
Crops
Cells
Domestication
Farmers

Keywords

  • Amino acid sequence
  • Biological evolution
  • Hordeum
  • Molecular sequence data
  • Phenotype
  • Plant proteins
  • Seed dispersal
  • Sequence alignment

Cite this

Pourkheirandish, M., Hensel, G., Kilian, B., Senthil, N., Chen, G., Sameri, M., ... Komatsuda, T. (2015). Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley. Cell, 162(3), 527-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.002
Pourkheirandish, Mohammad ; Hensel, Goetz ; Kilian, Benjamin ; Senthil, Natesan ; Chen, Guoxiong ; Sameri, Mohammad ; Azhaguvel, Perumal ; Sakuma, Shun ; Dhanagond, Sidram ; Sharma, Rajiv ; Mascher, Martin ; Himmelbach, Axel ; Gottwald, Sven ; Nair, Sudha K ; Tagiri, Akemi ; Yukuhiro, Fumiko ; Nagamura, Yoshiaki ; Kanamori, Hiroyuki ; Matsumoto, Takashi ; Willcox, George ; Middleton, Christopher P ; Wicker, Thomas ; Walther, Alexander ; Waugh, Robbie ; Fincher, Geoffrey B ; Stein, Nils ; Kumlehn, Jochen ; Sato, Kazuhiro ; Komatsuda, Takao. / Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley. In: Cell. 2015 ; Vol. 162, No. 3. pp. 527-539.
@article{1dbd2e5bdc6d4c7e9281bd196c324f0b,
title = "Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley",
abstract = "About 12,000 years ago in the Near East, humans began the transition from hunter-gathering to agriculture-based societies. Barley was a founder crop in this process, and the most important steps in its domestication were mutations in two adjacent, dominant, and complementary genes, through which grains were retained on the inflorescence at maturity, enabling effective harvesting. Independent recessive mutations in each of these genes caused cell wall thickening in a highly specific grain {"}disarticulation zone,{"} converting the brittle floral axis (the rachis) of the wild-type into a tough, non-brittle form that promoted grain retention. By tracing the evolutionary history of allelic variation in both genes, we conclude that spatially and temporally independent selections of germplasm with a non-brittle rachis were made during the domestication of barley by farmers in the southern and northern regions of the Levant, actions that made a major contribution to the emergence of early agrarian societies.",
keywords = "Amino acid sequence, Biological evolution, Hordeum, Molecular sequence data, Phenotype, Plant proteins, Seed dispersal, Sequence alignment",
author = "Mohammad Pourkheirandish and Goetz Hensel and Benjamin Kilian and Natesan Senthil and Guoxiong Chen and Mohammad Sameri and Perumal Azhaguvel and Shun Sakuma and Sidram Dhanagond and Rajiv Sharma and Martin Mascher and Axel Himmelbach and Sven Gottwald and Nair, {Sudha K} and Akemi Tagiri and Fumiko Yukuhiro and Yoshiaki Nagamura and Hiroyuki Kanamori and Takashi Matsumoto and George Willcox and Middleton, {Christopher P} and Thomas Wicker and Alexander Walther and Robbie Waugh and Fincher, {Geoffrey B} and Nils Stein and Jochen Kumlehn and Kazuhiro Sato and Takao Komatsuda",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.002",
language = "English",
volume = "162",
pages = "527--539",
journal = "Cell",
issn = "0092-8674",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "3",

}

Pourkheirandish, M, Hensel, G, Kilian, B, Senthil, N, Chen, G, Sameri, M, Azhaguvel, P, Sakuma, S, Dhanagond, S, Sharma, R, Mascher, M, Himmelbach, A, Gottwald, S, Nair, SK, Tagiri, A, Yukuhiro, F, Nagamura, Y, Kanamori, H, Matsumoto, T, Willcox, G, Middleton, CP, Wicker, T, Walther, A, Waugh, R, Fincher, GB, Stein, N, Kumlehn, J, Sato, K & Komatsuda, T 2015, 'Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley', Cell, vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 527-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.002

Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley. / Pourkheirandish, Mohammad; Hensel, Goetz; Kilian, Benjamin; Senthil, Natesan; Chen, Guoxiong; Sameri, Mohammad; Azhaguvel, Perumal; Sakuma, Shun; Dhanagond, Sidram; Sharma, Rajiv; Mascher, Martin; Himmelbach, Axel; Gottwald, Sven; Nair, Sudha K; Tagiri, Akemi; Yukuhiro, Fumiko; Nagamura, Yoshiaki; Kanamori, Hiroyuki; Matsumoto, Takashi; Willcox, George; Middleton, Christopher P; Wicker, Thomas; Walther, Alexander; Waugh, Robbie; Fincher, Geoffrey B; Stein, Nils; Kumlehn, Jochen; Sato, Kazuhiro; Komatsuda, Takao.

In: Cell, Vol. 162, No. 3, 30.07.2015, p. 527-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley

AU - Pourkheirandish, Mohammad

AU - Hensel, Goetz

AU - Kilian, Benjamin

AU - Senthil, Natesan

AU - Chen, Guoxiong

AU - Sameri, Mohammad

AU - Azhaguvel, Perumal

AU - Sakuma, Shun

AU - Dhanagond, Sidram

AU - Sharma, Rajiv

AU - Mascher, Martin

AU - Himmelbach, Axel

AU - Gottwald, Sven

AU - Nair, Sudha K

AU - Tagiri, Akemi

AU - Yukuhiro, Fumiko

AU - Nagamura, Yoshiaki

AU - Kanamori, Hiroyuki

AU - Matsumoto, Takashi

AU - Willcox, George

AU - Middleton, Christopher P

AU - Wicker, Thomas

AU - Walther, Alexander

AU - Waugh, Robbie

AU - Fincher, Geoffrey B

AU - Stein, Nils

AU - Kumlehn, Jochen

AU - Sato, Kazuhiro

AU - Komatsuda, Takao

PY - 2015/7/30

Y1 - 2015/7/30

N2 - About 12,000 years ago in the Near East, humans began the transition from hunter-gathering to agriculture-based societies. Barley was a founder crop in this process, and the most important steps in its domestication were mutations in two adjacent, dominant, and complementary genes, through which grains were retained on the inflorescence at maturity, enabling effective harvesting. Independent recessive mutations in each of these genes caused cell wall thickening in a highly specific grain "disarticulation zone," converting the brittle floral axis (the rachis) of the wild-type into a tough, non-brittle form that promoted grain retention. By tracing the evolutionary history of allelic variation in both genes, we conclude that spatially and temporally independent selections of germplasm with a non-brittle rachis were made during the domestication of barley by farmers in the southern and northern regions of the Levant, actions that made a major contribution to the emergence of early agrarian societies.

AB - About 12,000 years ago in the Near East, humans began the transition from hunter-gathering to agriculture-based societies. Barley was a founder crop in this process, and the most important steps in its domestication were mutations in two adjacent, dominant, and complementary genes, through which grains were retained on the inflorescence at maturity, enabling effective harvesting. Independent recessive mutations in each of these genes caused cell wall thickening in a highly specific grain "disarticulation zone," converting the brittle floral axis (the rachis) of the wild-type into a tough, non-brittle form that promoted grain retention. By tracing the evolutionary history of allelic variation in both genes, we conclude that spatially and temporally independent selections of germplasm with a non-brittle rachis were made during the domestication of barley by farmers in the southern and northern regions of the Levant, actions that made a major contribution to the emergence of early agrarian societies.

KW - Amino acid sequence

KW - Biological evolution

KW - Hordeum

KW - Molecular sequence data

KW - Phenotype

KW - Plant proteins

KW - Seed dispersal

KW - Sequence alignment

U2 - 10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 26232223

VL - 162

SP - 527

EP - 539

JO - Cell

JF - Cell

SN - 0092-8674

IS - 3

ER -

Pourkheirandish M, Hensel G, Kilian B, Senthil N, Chen G, Sameri M et al. Evolution of the grain dispersal system in barley. Cell. 2015 Jul 30;162(3):527-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.002