Exploration of cytoplasmic inheritance as a contributor to maternal effects in Welsh Mountain sheep

T Pritchard, C Cahalan, IA Dewi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytoplasmic effects were investigated using a dataset comprising three breeding groups of Welsh Mountain sheep. The influences of cytoplasmic effects were investigated by comparing animal models with and without a random term representing cytoplasmic effects. The models were applied to the eight-week weight, scan weight (mean 152 days) and ultrasonically scanned muscle and fat depth. The animal model included the random effects of animals and the maternal additive genetic, maternal permanent environmental and maternal common environmental effects. In total there were 24 569, 10 509, 8389, 8369 records for the eight-week weight, scan weight, muscle depth and fat depth respectively. Four subsets were further analysed containing maternal lines with at least five, ten, fifteen and twenty animals/line. There was no evidence of cytoplasmic effects on eight-week weight and muscle depth. Cytoplasmic effects contributed 1–2% of phenotypic variance for scan-weight and fat depth, but the effect was generally non-significant (P > 0.05). As the number of animals per maternal line increased, the magnitude of cytoplasmic effects also increased for these traits. Direct heritability estimates for the eight-week weight, scan weight, muscle depth and fat depth using the full dataset were 0.18, 0.25, 0.24, and 0.21 respectively
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309 - 319
Number of pages11
JournalGenetics, Selection, Evolution
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Effect
  • Effects
  • Inheritance
  • Maternal
  • Maternal Effects
  • Mountain
  • Sheep
  • Welsh Mountain

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