Expression characteristics of piRNAs in ovine luteal phase and follicular phase ovaries

Chunyan Li, Rensen Zhang, Zijun Zhang, Chunhuan Ren, Xiangyu Wang, Xiaoyun He, Joram Mwashigadi Mwacharo, Xiaosheng Zhang, Jinlong Zhang, Ran Di*, Mingxing Chu*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), as a novel class of small non-coding RNAs that have been shown to be indispensable in germline integrity and stem cell development. However, the expressed characteristics and regulatory roles of piRNAs during different reproductive phases of animals remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the piRNAs expression profiles in ovaries of sheep during the luteal phase (LP) and follicular phase (FP) using the Solexa sequencing technique. A total of 85,219 and 1,27,156 piRNAs tags were identified in ovine ovaries across the two phases. Most expressed piRNAs start with uracil. piRNAs with a length of 24 nt or 27–29 nts accounted for the largest proportion. The obvious ping-pong signature appeared in the FP ovary. The piRNA clusters in the sheep ovary were unevenly distributed on the chromosomes, with high density on Chr 3 and 1. For genome distribution, piRNAs in sheep ovary were mainly derived from intron, CDS, and repeat sequence regions. Compared to the LP ovary, a greater number of expressed piRNA clusters were detected in the FP ovary. Simultaneously, we identified 271 differentially expressed (DE) piRNAs between LP and FP ovaries, with 96 piRNAs upregulated and 175 piRNAs downregulated, respectively. Functional enrichment analysis (GO and KEGG) indicated that their target genes were enriched in reproduction-related pathways including oocyte meiosis, PI3K-Akt, Wnt, and TGF-β signaling pathways. Together, our results highlighted the sequence and expression characteristics of the piRNAs in the sheep ovary, which will help us understand the roles of piRNAs in the ovine estrus cycle.
Original languageEnglish
Article number921868
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume9
Early online date8 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 8 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Veterinary Science
  • sheep
  • piRNA
  • ovary
  • small RNA-seq
  • reproductive phase

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