Fabrication of dual Z-scheme photocatalyst via coupling of BiOBr/Ag/AgCl heterojunction with P and S co-doped g-C3N4 for efficient phenol degradation

Pankaj Raizada*, Prachi Thakur, Anita Sudhaik, Pardeep Singh, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Ahmad Hosseini-Bandegharaei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Advances in noble metal mediated Z-scheme photocatalytic system have ushered in a climax on environmental remediation. Herein, graphitic carbon nitride (GCN) and phosphorus sulphur co-doped graphitic carbon nitride (PSCN) were synthesized via calcination process. GCN, PSCN and Z-scheme visible light driven (VLD) ternary BiOBr/PSCN/Ag/AgCl nanophotocatalyst were characterized by X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectra (UV–vis DRS). BiOBr/PSCN/Ag/AgCl nanocomposite exhibited superior visible light driven photocatalytic ability as compared to pristine PSCN, AgCl and BiOBr towards degradation of phenol. The results explicated promising photocatalytic activity along with space separation of photocarriers caused via formation of BiOBr/PSCN/Ag/AgCl Z-scheme heterojunction. The visible light absorption efficacy of BiOBr/PSCN/Ag/AgCl photocatalyst was confirmed by photoluminescence (PL) spectra. Finally, recycling experiments were explored for the mechanistic detailing of phenol photodegradation employing BiOBr/PSCN/Ag/AgCl photocatalyst. After seven successive cycles photodegradation efficacy of photocatalyst was reduced to 90% from 98%. Proposed mechanism of BiOBr/PSCN/Ag/AgCl nanophotocatalyst for degradation of phenol was discussed. OH[rad] and O2 [rad]− radicals were main reactive species responsible for photocatalytic phenol degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4538-4552
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number3
Early online date15 Oct 2019
Publication statusPrint publication - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Ag/AgCl
  • BiOBr
  • Dual Z-scheme approach
  • Enhanced photocatalysis
  • P and S co-doped g-CN
  • Phenol degradation


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