Food safety and the informal milk supply chain in Kenya

Hasibi Zavala-Nacul*, C Revoredo-Giha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
156 Downloads (Pure)


Informal dairy supply chains are important in Sub-Saharan Africa, both in terms of employment and nutrition for poor population. Their safety has been debated in the literature, with those in favour to their legalisation, arguing that boiling milk reduces sanitary risks for its consumption and the nutritional impact offsets those possible risks. While, the opposing side, highlighting that boiling milk does not eliminate all the contaminants that are found, and the long term sanitary and health impact should be a major concern for regulatory enforcement. The purpose of this case study, which focuses on food safety along a dairy supply chain in Kenya, the largest milk producer in Africa, is twofold: first, to review the different issues on food safety when consuming raw milk, and second, to extract lessons from a case study that follows an informal supply chain that operates in rural, peri-urban and urban areas in the Kiambu and Muranga counties in Kenya. This case study was based on semi-structure interviews to 29 stakeholders and participants of an informal dairy supply chain carried out in April-May 2019. The purpose of the interviews was to provide insights of the hurdles and food safety risks surrounding everyday activities of milk handlers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8
JournalAgriculture and Food Security
Early online date4 Feb 2022
Publication statusFirst published - 4 Feb 2022


  • Food safety
  • Informal milk supply chains
  • Kenya
  • Sub-Saharan Africa


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