Friends or foes? Emerging insights from fungal interactions with plants

Susanne Zeilinger, Vijai K. Gupta*, Tanya E.S. Dahms, Roberto N. Silva, Harikesh B. Singh, Ram S. Upadhyay, Eriston Vieira Gomes, Clement Kin Ming Tsui, S. Chandra Nayak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

230 Citations (Scopus)


Fungi interact with plants in various ways, with each interaction giving rise to different alterations in both partners. While fungal pathogens have detrimental effects on plant physiology, mutualistic fungi augment host defence responses to pathogens and/or improve plant nutrient uptake. Tropic growth towards plant roots or stomata, mediated by chemical and topographical signals, has been described for several fungi, with evidence of species-specific signals and sensing mechanisms. Fungal partners secrete bioactive molecules such as small peptide effectors, enzymes and secondary metabolites which facilitate colonization and contribute to both symbiotic and pathogenic relationships. There has been tremendous advancement in fungal molecular biology, omics sciences and microscopy in recent years, opening up new possibilities for the identification of key molecular mechanisms in plant-fungal interactions, the power of which is often borne out in their combination. Our fragmentary knowledge on the interactions between plants and fungi must be made whole to understand the potential of fungi in preventing plant diseases, improving plant productivity and understanding ecosystem stability. Here, we review innovative methods and the associated new insights into plant-fungal interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfuv045
Pages (from-to)182-207
Number of pages26
JournalFEMS Microbiology Reviews
Issue number2
Early online date21 Nov 2015
Publication statusPrint publication - Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Advanced microscopy
  • Crop productivity
  • Phytopathogenic and symbiotic fungi
  • Plant defence response
  • Plant receptors
  • Plant-fungal interactions


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