Functional microbiome strategies for the bioremediation of petroleum-hydrocarbon and heavy metal contaminated soils: A review

Shafiul Haque, Neha Srivastava, Dan Bahadur Pal, Mustfa F Alkhanani, Atiah H Almalki, Mohammed Y Areeshi, Ravi Naidu*, Vijai Kumar Gupta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals are the two major soil contaminants that are released into the environment in the forms of industrial effluents. These contaminants exert serious impacts on human health and the sustainability of the environment. In this context, remediation of these pollutants via a biological approach can be effective, low-cost, and eco-friendly approach. The implementation of microorganisms and metagenomics are regarded as the advanced solution for remediating such pollutants. Further, microbiomes can overcome this issue via adopting specific structural, functional and metabolic pathways involved in the microbial community to degrade these pollutants. Genomic sequencing and library can effectively channelize the degradation of these pollutants via microbiomes. Nevertheless, more advanced technology and reliable strategies are required to develop. The present review provides insights into the role of microbiomes to effectively remediate/degrade petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals in contaminated soil. The possible degradation mechanisms of these pollutants have also been discussed in detail along with their existing limitations. Finally, prospects of the bioremediation strategies using microbiomes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155222
JournalThe Science of the Total Environment
Early online date11 Apr 2022
Publication statusPrint publication - 10 Aug 2022

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  • Biodegradation
  • Bioremediation
  • Heavy metals contaminants
  • Microbes
  • Petroleum hydrocarbons
  • Plants


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