Identification and diversity analysis of fungi is greatly challenging. Though internal transcribed spacer (ITS), region-based DNA fingerprinting works as a “gold standard” for most of the fungal species group, it cannot differentiate between all the groups and cryptic species. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to find an alternative approach for strain differentiation. Availability of whole genome sequence data of nearly 2000 fungal species are a promising solution to such requirement. We present whole genome sequence-based world’s largest microsatellite database, FungSatDB having >19M loci obtained from >1900 fungal species/strains using >4000 assemblies across globe. Genotyping efficacy of FungSatDB has been evaluated by both in-silico and in-vitro PCR. By in silico PCR, 66 strains of 8 countries representing four continents were successfully differentiated. Genotyping efficacy was also evaluated by in vitro PCR in four fungal species. This approach overcomes limitation of ITS in species, strain signature, and diversity analysis. It can accelerate fungal genomic research endeavors in agriculture, industrial, and environmental management.
- Simple sequence repeats (SSRs)