Genetic and genomic dairy cattle evaluations in developing countries

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract


The genetic evaluation system in developing countries is discussed under three major components; efficient data collection and storage; analytical system for breeding values computation and a system to disseminate improved genetics. Initial efforts in developing countries for data collection mimicked those of developed countries especially in Sub-Sahara Africa but these have not been sustainable but in Latin America countries, breed societies play a major but there is a tendency to use cheaper mobile digital systems. Analytical systems for computing breeding values are well developed with models ranging from sire and animal BLUP to random regression but effort is needed in providing management information to farmers. Various studies on genomic prediction have been undertaken but routine genomic selection is limited to a few breeds due to cost. The lack of breeding structures such as national AI companies poses a real challenge in the delivering sires of superior genetic merit to farmers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Breeding of Dairy Cattle
EditorsJulius van der Werf, Jennie Pryce
PublisherBurleigh Dodds Science Publishing
Chapter20
ISBN (Print)9781786762962
Publication statusPrint publication - 27 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

breeding value
sires
dairy cattle
developing countries
farmers
breeds
genomics
genetic merit
information management
Latin America
marker-assisted selection
developed countries
prediction
breeding
animals

Keywords

  • Genetic evaluation genomics developing countries dairy

Cite this

Mrode, RA. (2019). Genetic and genomic dairy cattle evaluations in developing countries. In J. van der Werf, & J. Pryce (Eds.), Advances in Breeding of Dairy Cattle Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing.
Mrode, RA. / Genetic and genomic dairy cattle evaluations in developing countries. Advances in Breeding of Dairy Cattle. editor / Julius van der Werf ; Jennie Pryce. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, 2019.
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Mrode, RA 2019, Genetic and genomic dairy cattle evaluations in developing countries. in J van der Werf & J Pryce (eds), Advances in Breeding of Dairy Cattle. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing.

Genetic and genomic dairy cattle evaluations in developing countries. / Mrode, RA.

Advances in Breeding of Dairy Cattle. ed. / Julius van der Werf; Jennie Pryce. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Mrode RA. Genetic and genomic dairy cattle evaluations in developing countries. In van der Werf J, Pryce J, editors, Advances in Breeding of Dairy Cattle. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing. 2019