Genetic resistance to yellow rust infection of the wheat ear is controlled by genes controlling foliar resistance and flowering time

Laura Bouvet, Lawrence Percival‐Alwyn, Simon Berry, Paul Fenwick, Sarah Holdgate, Ian James Mackay, James Cockram*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Yellow rust (YR), or stripe rust, is a fungal infection of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) caused by the pathogen Puccinia striiformis Westend f. sp. tritici (Pst). Although much research has focused on YR leaf infection, we are not aware of studies investigating the genetic control of YR resistance in the wheat ear. Using an eight‐founder multiparent advanced generation intercross (MAGIC) population, we identified five quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling glume YR resistance in wheat ears. Of these, three (QYrg.niab‐2D.2, QYrg.niab‐4D.1, and QYrg.niab‐5A.1) collocated with leaf YR resistance QTL previously identified in the same population. We find evidence that QYrg.niab‐5A.1 likely corresponds to the adult plant resistance locus Yr34 introgressed from einkorn wheat (T. monococcum L. subsp. monococcum), and that resistance at QYrg.niab‐2D.2 also likely originated from a chromosomal introgression from a wheat relative. The two remaining glume YR resistance QTL were linked to genetic loci controlling flowering time, with early flowering alleles conferring reduced glume YR resistance. The association between earlier flowering and increased glume infection is likely due to the emergence of the ear during environmental conditions more favorable for Pst infection. Collectively, these first insights into the genetic control of YR resistance in glumes provides specific genetic targets for the control of YR resistance in both the leaves and the glumes and will be especially relevant to wheat grown in Pst‐prone agricultural environments where earlier flowering is favored.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCrop Science
Early online date29 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 29 Jul 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic resistance to yellow rust infection of the wheat ear is controlled by genes controlling foliar resistance and flowering time'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this