Grand challenges in sustainable intensification and ecosystem services

LG Firbank, S Attwood, V Eory, Y Gadanakis, JM Lynch, R Sonnino, T Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Arguably the greatest grand challenge for humankind is to keep the biosphere within its safe and just operating space, providing sufficient resources to meet people’s needs without exceeding the Earth’s capacity to supply them (Raworth, 2012). “Safe” is defined in terms of keeping planetary environmental processes, through mechanisms such as climate regulation and improved nutrient cycles, within limits over the long term (Rockstrom et al., 2009). “Just” is increasingly being interpreted in terms of meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals, with targets addressing various forms of equity as well as biophysical needs (Griggs et al., 2013). Keeping the biosphere within the operating space requires that we produce the food we need, along with the ecosystem and socioeconomic goods and services we require (Garnett et al., 2013). By definition, achieving this challenge also means achieving the sustainable intensification (SI) of agriculture, whereby more food is produced from the same area of land (or water), with reduced or reversed negative environmental impacts accompanied by a range of positive societal and environmental co-benefits. SI is variously considered as a goal (Royal Society, 2009), a process (Firbank et al., 2013), a trade-off between economic production activity and ecological performance (Gadanakis et al., 2015), or a suite of interventions (Godfray and Garnett, 2014).
Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalFrontiers in Sustainable Food Systems
Volume2
Early online date28 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 28 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

ecosystem service
biosphere
food
equity
trade-off
sustainable development
environmental impact
agriculture
ecosystem
climate
resource
economics
need
water
nutrient cycle
goods and services
land
socioeconomics
regulation

Bibliographical note

1031410

Keywords

  • Food security
  • Land use
  • Place-based
  • Safe and just operating space
  • UN Sustainable Development Goals

Cite this

Firbank, LG ; Attwood, S ; Eory, V ; Gadanakis, Y ; Lynch, JM ; Sonnino, R ; Takahashi, T. / Grand challenges in sustainable intensification and ecosystem services. In: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 2018 ; Vol. 2.
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Grand challenges in sustainable intensification and ecosystem services. / Firbank, LG; Attwood, S; Eory, V; Gadanakis, Y; Lynch, JM; Sonnino, R; Takahashi, T.

In: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Vol. 2, 7, 28.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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