Graphene: Chemistry and Applications for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Roshny Joy, Neethu T. M. Balakrishnan, Akhila Das, Shimna Shafeek, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Karim Zaghib, Jabeen Fatima Manamkeri Jaffarali*, Mogalahalli Venkatesh Venkatashamy Reddy*, Prasanth Raghavan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

In the present era, different allotropes of carbon have been discovered, and graphene is the one among them that has contributed to many breakthroughs in research. It has been considered a promising candidate in the research and academic fields, as well as in industries, over the last decade. It has many properties to be explored, such as an enhanced specific surface area and beneficial thermal and electrical conductivities. Graphene is arranged as a 2D structure by organizing sp2 hybridized C with alternative single and double bonds, providing an extended conjugation combining hexagonal ring structures to form a honeycomb structure. The precious structure and outstanding characteristics are the major reason that modern industry relies heavily on graphene, and it is predominantly applied in electronic devices. Nowadays, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) foremostly utilize graphene as an anode or a cathode, and are combined with polymers to use them as polymer electrolytes. After three decades of commercialization of the lithium-ion battery, it still leads in consumer electronic society due to its higher energy density, wider operating voltages, low self-discharge, noble high-temperature performance, and fewer maintenance requirements. In this review, we aim to give a brief review of the domination of graphene and its applications in LIBs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-183
Number of pages41
JournalElectrochem
Volume3
Issue number1
Early online date25 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 25 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • lithium-ion battery
  • graphene
  • anode
  • cathode
  • electrolyte

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