Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide and human infections are frequently associated with handling and consumption of contaminated poultry. The polysaccharide capsule of C. jejuni plays important roles in colonisation of the chicken gut, invasion of epithelial cells and serum resistance and is subject to modification with O-methyl phosphoramidate (MeOPN) in most strains. In this study, the cytokine responses of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (mBMMs), chicken bone marrow-derived macrophages (chBMMs) and human monocyte-derived macrophages (hMDMs) were measured following infection with C. jejuni 11168H wild-type (WT) or isogenic mutants lacking either the capsule (Δcj1439) or its MeOPN modification (Δcj1417). Consistent with previous observations using murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells, mutants lacking the capsule or MeOPN elicited enhanced transcription of IL-6 and IL-10 in mBMMs compared to wild-type C. jejuni. However, the lack of capsule and MeOPN did not alter IL-6 and IL-10 expression in chBMMs and hMDMs compared to C. jejuni WT. Phagocytosis assays showed the acapsular mutant was not impaired in uptake or net intracellular survival after phagocytosis in both chicken and human macrophages; however, the phagocytosis of the MeOPN mutant was significantly decreased in both chicken and human macrophages. In conclusion, differences in the response of macrophages of varying host origin to Campylobacter were detected. The absence of MeOPN modification on the capsule of C. jejuni did not alter the levels of innate cytokine expression in both chicken and human macrophages compared to the 11168H WT, but affected phagocytosis by host macrophages.
- Bacterial Capsules/metabolism
- Bone Marrow
- Campylobacter Infections/microbiology
- Campylobacter jejuni/genetics
- Phosphoric Acids/metabolism
- Poultry Diseases/microbiology