Here, we report a facile and easily scalable hydrothermal synthetic strategy to synthesize Ni-V layered double hydroxide (NiV LDH) nanosheets toward high-energy and high-power-density supercapacitor applications. NiV LDH nanosheets with varying Ni-to-V ratios were prepared. Three-dimensional curved nanosheets of Ni 0.80 V 0.20 LDH showed better electrochemical performance compared to other synthesized NiV LDHs. The electrode coated with Ni 0.80 V 0.20 LDH nanosheets in a three-electrode cell configuration showed excellent pseudocapacitive behavior, having a high specific capacity of 711 C g -1 (1581 F g -1 ) at a current density of 1 A g -1 in 2 M KOH. The material showed an excellent rate capability and retained the high specific capacity of 549 C g -1 (1220 F g -1 ) at a current density of 10 A g -1 and low internal resistances. Owing to its superior performance, Ni 0.80 V 0.20 LDH nanosheets were used as positive electrode and commercial activated carbon was used as negative electrode for constructing a hybrid supercapacitor (HSC) device, having a working voltage of 1.5 V. The HSC device exhibited a high specific capacitance of 98 F g -1 at a current density of 1 A g -1 . The HSC device showed a higher energy density of 30.6 Wh kg -1 at a power density of 0.78 kW kg -1 and maintained a high value of 24 Wh kg -1 when the power density was increased to 11.1 kW kg -1 . The performance of NiV LDHs nanosheets indicates their great potential as low-cost electrode material for future energy-storage devices.
|Number of pages||11|
|Early online date||14 Feb 2019|
|Publication status||Print publication - 28 Feb 2019|