Identification of factors influencing the occurrence of milk spot livers in slaughtered pigs: A novel approach to understanding Ascaris suum epidemiology in British farmed pigs

M Sanchez-Vazquez, RP Smith, S Kang, F Lewis, M Nielen, GJ Gunn, SA Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ascariosis is the most important internal parasitism present worldwide in farmed pigs. Milk spots are healing lesions occurring when Ascaris suum larvae migrate through the liver. This study aimed to identify current husbandry practices (e.g. wet/compound feeding, outdoors/ indoors production, bedded/slatted floors) that influence the prevalence of milk spots in batches of slaughtered pigs, accounting for geographical locations and seasonality. Farm information was accessed through the British farm quality assurance programmes (QAPs) and information on milk spots was obtained from the pig abattoir based health schemes. Two working datasets were created. The first consisted of 505 farms recruited from the whole of Great Britain (GB). The second combined 338 farms from England and Wales (EW) with housing and feed category-specific information (e.g. for growers and finishers separately), which was not fully available for inclusion in the previous dataset. The variables were studied in multivariable beta-binomial models with the presence of milk spots being the response variable. Solid floor with bedding appeared as a risk factor, OR 1.52 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.26–1.85) for the GB sample, and OR 1.47 (CI 1.19–1.81) for the EW subset. Those GB herds that had all the stages of production indoors appeared to be at lower risk of milk spots (OR 0.4, CI 0.32–0.49). Changes were detected within year, with higher risk of milk spots in the second 6 months of the year OR 1.17 (CI 1.02–1.35) in the GB sample and 1.21 (95% CI 1.04–1.41) in EW farms. Overall this study suggests that those husbandry practices facilitating optimal levels of hygiene posed lower risk of milk spots in slaughtered pigs, potentially reflecting lower levels of ascariosis in the later stages of production. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271 - 279
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume173
Publication statusFirst published - 2010

Fingerprint

Ascaris suum
epidemiology
milk
liver
swine
farms
Wales
England
Geographical Locations
hygiene
lesions (animal)
slaughterhouses
quality control
growers
parasitism
risk factors
herds
larvae

Bibliographical note

56010014

Keywords

  • Ascaris suum
  • Liver
  • Pig
  • Risk factors

Cite this

@article{ad1dbcb1fa17449a8e11fcf239f856d8,
title = "Identification of factors influencing the occurrence of milk spot livers in slaughtered pigs: A novel approach to understanding Ascaris suum epidemiology in British farmed pigs",
abstract = "Ascariosis is the most important internal parasitism present worldwide in farmed pigs. Milk spots are healing lesions occurring when Ascaris suum larvae migrate through the liver. This study aimed to identify current husbandry practices (e.g. wet/compound feeding, outdoors/ indoors production, bedded/slatted floors) that influence the prevalence of milk spots in batches of slaughtered pigs, accounting for geographical locations and seasonality. Farm information was accessed through the British farm quality assurance programmes (QAPs) and information on milk spots was obtained from the pig abattoir based health schemes. Two working datasets were created. The first consisted of 505 farms recruited from the whole of Great Britain (GB). The second combined 338 farms from England and Wales (EW) with housing and feed category-specific information (e.g. for growers and finishers separately), which was not fully available for inclusion in the previous dataset. The variables were studied in multivariable beta-binomial models with the presence of milk spots being the response variable. Solid floor with bedding appeared as a risk factor, OR 1.52 (95{\%} confidence intervals (CI) 1.26–1.85) for the GB sample, and OR 1.47 (CI 1.19–1.81) for the EW subset. Those GB herds that had all the stages of production indoors appeared to be at lower risk of milk spots (OR 0.4, CI 0.32–0.49). Changes were detected within year, with higher risk of milk spots in the second 6 months of the year OR 1.17 (CI 1.02–1.35) in the GB sample and 1.21 (95{\%} CI 1.04–1.41) in EW farms. Overall this study suggests that those husbandry practices facilitating optimal levels of hygiene posed lower risk of milk spots in slaughtered pigs, potentially reflecting lower levels of ascariosis in the later stages of production. {\circledC} 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Ascaris suum, Liver, Pig, Risk factors",
author = "M Sanchez-Vazquez and RP Smith and S Kang and F Lewis and M Nielen and GJ Gunn and SA Edwards",
note = "56010014",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "173",
pages = "271 -- 279",
journal = "Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports",
issn = "0304-4017",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Identification of factors influencing the occurrence of milk spot livers in slaughtered pigs: A novel approach to understanding Ascaris suum epidemiology in British farmed pigs. / Sanchez-Vazquez, M; Smith, RP; Kang, S; Lewis, F; Nielen, M; Gunn, GJ; Edwards, SA.

In: Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 173, 2010, p. 271 - 279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of factors influencing the occurrence of milk spot livers in slaughtered pigs: A novel approach to understanding Ascaris suum epidemiology in British farmed pigs

AU - Sanchez-Vazquez, M

AU - Smith, RP

AU - Kang, S

AU - Lewis, F

AU - Nielen, M

AU - Gunn, GJ

AU - Edwards, SA

N1 - 56010014

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Ascariosis is the most important internal parasitism present worldwide in farmed pigs. Milk spots are healing lesions occurring when Ascaris suum larvae migrate through the liver. This study aimed to identify current husbandry practices (e.g. wet/compound feeding, outdoors/ indoors production, bedded/slatted floors) that influence the prevalence of milk spots in batches of slaughtered pigs, accounting for geographical locations and seasonality. Farm information was accessed through the British farm quality assurance programmes (QAPs) and information on milk spots was obtained from the pig abattoir based health schemes. Two working datasets were created. The first consisted of 505 farms recruited from the whole of Great Britain (GB). The second combined 338 farms from England and Wales (EW) with housing and feed category-specific information (e.g. for growers and finishers separately), which was not fully available for inclusion in the previous dataset. The variables were studied in multivariable beta-binomial models with the presence of milk spots being the response variable. Solid floor with bedding appeared as a risk factor, OR 1.52 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.26–1.85) for the GB sample, and OR 1.47 (CI 1.19–1.81) for the EW subset. Those GB herds that had all the stages of production indoors appeared to be at lower risk of milk spots (OR 0.4, CI 0.32–0.49). Changes were detected within year, with higher risk of milk spots in the second 6 months of the year OR 1.17 (CI 1.02–1.35) in the GB sample and 1.21 (95% CI 1.04–1.41) in EW farms. Overall this study suggests that those husbandry practices facilitating optimal levels of hygiene posed lower risk of milk spots in slaughtered pigs, potentially reflecting lower levels of ascariosis in the later stages of production. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Ascariosis is the most important internal parasitism present worldwide in farmed pigs. Milk spots are healing lesions occurring when Ascaris suum larvae migrate through the liver. This study aimed to identify current husbandry practices (e.g. wet/compound feeding, outdoors/ indoors production, bedded/slatted floors) that influence the prevalence of milk spots in batches of slaughtered pigs, accounting for geographical locations and seasonality. Farm information was accessed through the British farm quality assurance programmes (QAPs) and information on milk spots was obtained from the pig abattoir based health schemes. Two working datasets were created. The first consisted of 505 farms recruited from the whole of Great Britain (GB). The second combined 338 farms from England and Wales (EW) with housing and feed category-specific information (e.g. for growers and finishers separately), which was not fully available for inclusion in the previous dataset. The variables were studied in multivariable beta-binomial models with the presence of milk spots being the response variable. Solid floor with bedding appeared as a risk factor, OR 1.52 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.26–1.85) for the GB sample, and OR 1.47 (CI 1.19–1.81) for the EW subset. Those GB herds that had all the stages of production indoors appeared to be at lower risk of milk spots (OR 0.4, CI 0.32–0.49). Changes were detected within year, with higher risk of milk spots in the second 6 months of the year OR 1.17 (CI 1.02–1.35) in the GB sample and 1.21 (95% CI 1.04–1.41) in EW farms. Overall this study suggests that those husbandry practices facilitating optimal levels of hygiene posed lower risk of milk spots in slaughtered pigs, potentially reflecting lower levels of ascariosis in the later stages of production. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Ascaris suum

KW - Liver

KW - Pig

KW - Risk factors

M3 - Article

VL - 173

SP - 271

EP - 279

JO - Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports

JF - Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports

SN - 0304-4017

ER -