Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe-A review

Klaus Henle*, Didier Alard, Jeremy Clitherow, Paul Cobb, Les Firbank, Tiiu Kull, Davy McCracken, Robin F.A. Moritz, Jari Niemelä, Michael Rebane, Dirk Wascher, Allan Watt, Juliette Young

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

367 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews conflicts between biodiversity conservation and agricultural activities in agricultural landscapes and evaluates strategies to reconcile such conflicts. Firstly, a historical perspective on the development of conflicts related to biodiversity in agricultural landscapes is presented. Secondly, recent trends in agricultural policies of the European Union that contribute to biodiversity decline in agricultural landscapes are considered. Three major processes responsible for creating biodiversity-related conflicts are described: the intensification of agriculture, the abandonment of marginally productive but High Nature Value Farmland, and the changing scale of agricultural operations. Conflicts created by these processes and approaches to their reconciliation are identified, emphasizing the need for monitoring as an integral part of conflict reconciliation strategies. A generic approach comprising three types of monitoring is developed for measuring success of reconciliation strategies: monitoring of the intensity of the conflict between stakeholders, of the social and economic effects on farmers, and of the status and trends in biodiversity. Surprisingly, we found no evidence in the literature that the first type of monitoring has ever been undertaken for biodiversity-related conflicts in agricultural landscapes. For each type of monitoring, suitable indicators are outlined. Finally, challenges for conflict management in agricultural landscapes are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-71
Number of pages12
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume124
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 1 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

biodiversity
agriculture
agricultural land
monitoring
farmland values
conflict management
agricultural policy
economic impact
European Union
stakeholders
Europe
conflict
historical perspective
farmers
stakeholder
economics
trend

Keywords

  • Abandonment
  • Agricultural landscapes
  • Agricultural policies
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Conflict reconciliation
  • Intensification
  • Monitoring
  • Stakeholders

Cite this

Henle, Klaus ; Alard, Didier ; Clitherow, Jeremy ; Cobb, Paul ; Firbank, Les ; Kull, Tiiu ; McCracken, Davy ; Moritz, Robin F.A. ; Niemelä, Jari ; Rebane, Michael ; Wascher, Dirk ; Watt, Allan ; Young, Juliette. / Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe-A review. In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2008 ; Vol. 124, No. 1-2. pp. 60-71.
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Henle, K, Alard, D, Clitherow, J, Cobb, P, Firbank, L, Kull, T, McCracken, D, Moritz, RFA, Niemelä, J, Rebane, M, Wascher, D, Watt, A & Young, J 2008, 'Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe-A review', Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 124, no. 1-2, pp. 60-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2007.09.005

Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe-A review. / Henle, Klaus; Alard, Didier; Clitherow, Jeremy; Cobb, Paul; Firbank, Les; Kull, Tiiu; McCracken, Davy; Moritz, Robin F.A.; Niemelä, Jari; Rebane, Michael; Wascher, Dirk; Watt, Allan; Young, Juliette.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 124, No. 1-2, 01.03.2008, p. 60-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe-A review

AU - Henle, Klaus

AU - Alard, Didier

AU - Clitherow, Jeremy

AU - Cobb, Paul

AU - Firbank, Les

AU - Kull, Tiiu

AU - McCracken, Davy

AU - Moritz, Robin F.A.

AU - Niemelä, Jari

AU - Rebane, Michael

AU - Wascher, Dirk

AU - Watt, Allan

AU - Young, Juliette

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N2 - This paper reviews conflicts between biodiversity conservation and agricultural activities in agricultural landscapes and evaluates strategies to reconcile such conflicts. Firstly, a historical perspective on the development of conflicts related to biodiversity in agricultural landscapes is presented. Secondly, recent trends in agricultural policies of the European Union that contribute to biodiversity decline in agricultural landscapes are considered. Three major processes responsible for creating biodiversity-related conflicts are described: the intensification of agriculture, the abandonment of marginally productive but High Nature Value Farmland, and the changing scale of agricultural operations. Conflicts created by these processes and approaches to their reconciliation are identified, emphasizing the need for monitoring as an integral part of conflict reconciliation strategies. A generic approach comprising three types of monitoring is developed for measuring success of reconciliation strategies: monitoring of the intensity of the conflict between stakeholders, of the social and economic effects on farmers, and of the status and trends in biodiversity. Surprisingly, we found no evidence in the literature that the first type of monitoring has ever been undertaken for biodiversity-related conflicts in agricultural landscapes. For each type of monitoring, suitable indicators are outlined. Finally, challenges for conflict management in agricultural landscapes are summarized.

AB - This paper reviews conflicts between biodiversity conservation and agricultural activities in agricultural landscapes and evaluates strategies to reconcile such conflicts. Firstly, a historical perspective on the development of conflicts related to biodiversity in agricultural landscapes is presented. Secondly, recent trends in agricultural policies of the European Union that contribute to biodiversity decline in agricultural landscapes are considered. Three major processes responsible for creating biodiversity-related conflicts are described: the intensification of agriculture, the abandonment of marginally productive but High Nature Value Farmland, and the changing scale of agricultural operations. Conflicts created by these processes and approaches to their reconciliation are identified, emphasizing the need for monitoring as an integral part of conflict reconciliation strategies. A generic approach comprising three types of monitoring is developed for measuring success of reconciliation strategies: monitoring of the intensity of the conflict between stakeholders, of the social and economic effects on farmers, and of the status and trends in biodiversity. Surprisingly, we found no evidence in the literature that the first type of monitoring has ever been undertaken for biodiversity-related conflicts in agricultural landscapes. For each type of monitoring, suitable indicators are outlined. Finally, challenges for conflict management in agricultural landscapes are summarized.

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KW - Agricultural landscapes

KW - Agricultural policies

KW - Biodiversity conservation

KW - Conflict reconciliation

KW - Intensification

KW - Monitoring

KW - Stakeholders

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2007.09.005

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2007.09.005

M3 - Review article

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VL - 124

SP - 60

EP - 71

JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

JF - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

SN - 0167-8809

IS - 1-2

ER -