Implementing Competency-Based Veterinary Education: A Survey of AAVMC Member Institutions on Opportunities, Challenges, and Strategies for Success

Heidi E. Banse, April Kedrowicz, Kathryn E. Michel, Erin N. Burton, Kathleen Yvorchuk-St Jean, Jim Anderson, Stacy Anderson, Margaret C. Barr, Elise Boller, Kristin Chaney, Karen Dyer Inzana, Susan M. Matthew, Don Rollins, S. Kathleen Salisbury, Peggy Schmidt, Nicola Smith, Chris Trace

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Competency-based education is increasingly being adopted across the health professions. A model for competency-based education in veterinary medicine was recently developed by a working group of the American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) and is being used in institutions worldwide. The purpose of this study was to gather information on progress in and barriers to implementing competency-based education (including use of the AAVMC competency-based veterinary education (CBVE) Model) by AAVMC member schools to inform the development of strategies to support institutions in successful implementation of the CBVE Model. A cross-sectional survey was developed and distributed to AAVMC member institutions via an AAVMC web-based communication platform. Thirty-four of 55 AAVMC member institutions responded to the survey (62% response rate). Twenty schools reported using a competency-based education framework. Eleven of these institutions had implemented the AAVMC CBVE Framework, with an additional 12 institutions anticipating implementing it over the next 3 years. Timing, resources, and change management were the most commonly reported challenges to implementation. Suggestions for development of training resources included translation of milestones to pre-clinical courses, development of assessments, guidance on making progress decisions, illustrative overviews of specific components of the CBVE Model (e.g., the AAVMC CBVE Framework, EPAs, entrustment scales, milestones), and curriculum mapping. This study assesses progress in implementing the CBVE Model in AAVMC member schools and aids in identifying key challenges and resources to support faculty and institutions in the successful adoption and implementation of this educational model.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)155-163
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Education
    Issue number2
    Early online date6 Oct 2023
    Publication statusPrint publication - Apr 2024

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC), 2024.


    • Faculty/staff development
    • competency-based veterinary education
    • curriculum


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