Indian summer monsoon during the last two millennia

David M. Anderson*, Corinne K. Baulcomb, Alice K. Duvivier, Anil K. Gupta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The monsoon is a large-scale feature of the tropical atmospheric circulation, affecting people and economies in the world’s most densely populated regions. Future trends due to natural variability and human-induced climate changes are uncertain. Palaeoclimate records can improve our understanding of monsoon dynamics and thereby reduce this uncertainty. Palaeoclimate records have revealed a dramatic decrease in the Asian summer monsoon since the early Holocene maximum 9 ka BP. Here we focus on the last 2 ka, where some records indicate an increasing trend in the summer monsoon. Analysing Globigerina bulloides upwelling records from the Arabian Sea, we find the weakest monsoon occurred 1500 a BP, with an increasing trend towards the present.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-917
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPrint publication - Sept 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Arabian Sea
  • Holocene
  • India
  • Monsoon
  • Tropics


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