Influence of aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on rumen fermentation and blood constituents in sheep given diets of grass hay and barley

C.J. Newbold, P.P. Frumholtz, R.J. Wallace

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract (AO; 2 g/day) was added to the diet of sheep fed grass hay supplemented with 30 or 70% barley. AO decreased the proportion of propionate in rumen volatile fatty acids with both levels of supplementation (146 and 163 mmol/mol with AO v. 157 and 186 mmol/mol with no addition for the low and high barley diets respectively; P < 0·05), and also caused a small reduction in L-lactate concentration in the high barley diet (1·15 mM v. 1·43 mM in the absence of AO). Rumen pH was not changed significantly. Total viable bacteria in the rumen were stimulated with AO (2·12 and 2·46 v. 0·97 and 1·80 × 109/ml respectively). Numbers of cellulolytic bacteria and ciliate protozoa were unchanged. Hay suspended in nylon bags in the rumen tended to be degraded more rapidly with AO, but the effect was not statistically significant. Neither barley nor AO significantly altered the plasma concentrations of glucose, urea, insulin, gastrin or cholecystokinin. It was concluded that the effects of AO were generally similar for both levels of barley supplementation and that changing the composition of the diet had no detectable effect on the measured indicators of nutritional status in blood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-427
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Agricultural Science
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Aspergillus oryzae
grass hay
Rumen
Hordeum
Poaceae
rumen fermentation
Fermentation
Sheep
barley
fermentation
Diet
sheep
blood
extracts
rumen
diet
Bacteria
gastrins
rumen bacteria
cholecystokinin

Bibliographical note

Cited By :10

Export Date: 18 May 2019

Cite this

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title = "Influence of aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on rumen fermentation and blood constituents in sheep given diets of grass hay and barley",
abstract = "Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract (AO; 2 g/day) was added to the diet of sheep fed grass hay supplemented with 30 or 70{\%} barley. AO decreased the proportion of propionate in rumen volatile fatty acids with both levels of supplementation (146 and 163 mmol/mol with AO v. 157 and 186 mmol/mol with no addition for the low and high barley diets respectively; P < 0·05), and also caused a small reduction in L-lactate concentration in the high barley diet (1·15 mM v. 1·43 mM in the absence of AO). Rumen pH was not changed significantly. Total viable bacteria in the rumen were stimulated with AO (2·12 and 2·46 v. 0·97 and 1·80 × 109/ml respectively). Numbers of cellulolytic bacteria and ciliate protozoa were unchanged. Hay suspended in nylon bags in the rumen tended to be degraded more rapidly with AO, but the effect was not statistically significant. Neither barley nor AO significantly altered the plasma concentrations of glucose, urea, insulin, gastrin or cholecystokinin. It was concluded that the effects of AO were generally similar for both levels of barley supplementation and that changing the composition of the diet had no detectable effect on the measured indicators of nutritional status in blood.",
author = "C.J. Newbold and P.P. Frumholtz and R.J. Wallace",
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Influence of aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on rumen fermentation and blood constituents in sheep given diets of grass hay and barley. / Newbold, C.J.; Frumholtz, P.P.; Wallace, R.J.

In: Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 119, No. 3, 1992, p. 423-427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Frumholtz, P.P.

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N2 - Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract (AO; 2 g/day) was added to the diet of sheep fed grass hay supplemented with 30 or 70% barley. AO decreased the proportion of propionate in rumen volatile fatty acids with both levels of supplementation (146 and 163 mmol/mol with AO v. 157 and 186 mmol/mol with no addition for the low and high barley diets respectively; P < 0·05), and also caused a small reduction in L-lactate concentration in the high barley diet (1·15 mM v. 1·43 mM in the absence of AO). Rumen pH was not changed significantly. Total viable bacteria in the rumen were stimulated with AO (2·12 and 2·46 v. 0·97 and 1·80 × 109/ml respectively). Numbers of cellulolytic bacteria and ciliate protozoa were unchanged. Hay suspended in nylon bags in the rumen tended to be degraded more rapidly with AO, but the effect was not statistically significant. Neither barley nor AO significantly altered the plasma concentrations of glucose, urea, insulin, gastrin or cholecystokinin. It was concluded that the effects of AO were generally similar for both levels of barley supplementation and that changing the composition of the diet had no detectable effect on the measured indicators of nutritional status in blood.

AB - Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract (AO; 2 g/day) was added to the diet of sheep fed grass hay supplemented with 30 or 70% barley. AO decreased the proportion of propionate in rumen volatile fatty acids with both levels of supplementation (146 and 163 mmol/mol with AO v. 157 and 186 mmol/mol with no addition for the low and high barley diets respectively; P < 0·05), and also caused a small reduction in L-lactate concentration in the high barley diet (1·15 mM v. 1·43 mM in the absence of AO). Rumen pH was not changed significantly. Total viable bacteria in the rumen were stimulated with AO (2·12 and 2·46 v. 0·97 and 1·80 × 109/ml respectively). Numbers of cellulolytic bacteria and ciliate protozoa were unchanged. Hay suspended in nylon bags in the rumen tended to be degraded more rapidly with AO, but the effect was not statistically significant. Neither barley nor AO significantly altered the plasma concentrations of glucose, urea, insulin, gastrin or cholecystokinin. It was concluded that the effects of AO were generally similar for both levels of barley supplementation and that changing the composition of the diet had no detectable effect on the measured indicators of nutritional status in blood.

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