Insights into the genetic history of Green-legged Partridgelike fowl: MtDNA and genome-wide SNP analysis

M. Siwek*, D. Wragg, A. Sławińska, M. Malek, O. Hanotte, J.M. Mwacharo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The G reen‐legged P artridgelike (GP ) fowl, an old native Polish breed, is characterised by reseda green‐coloured shanks rather than yellow, white, slate or black commonly observed across most domestic breeds of chicken. Here, we investigate the origin, genetic relationships and structure of the GP fowl using mtDNA D ‐loop sequencing and genome‐wide SNP analysis. Genome‐wide association analysis between breeds enables us to verify the genetic control of the reseda green shank phenotype, a defining trait for the breed. Two mtDNA D ‐loop haplogroups and three autosomal genetic backgrounds are revealed. Significant associations of SNP s on chromosomes GGA 24 and GGAZ indicate that the reseda green leg phenotype is associated with recessive alleles linked to the W and Id loci. Our results provide new insights into the genetic history of European chicken, indicating an admixd origin of E ast E uropean traditional breeds of chicken on the continent, as supported by the presence of the reseda green phenotype and the knowledge that the GP fowl as a breed was developed before the advent of commercial stocks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-532
Number of pages11
JournalAnimal Genetics
Issue number5
Publication statusPrint publication - 24 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

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